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art history final

STUDY
PLAY
The word art encompasses many meanings, including process. Which of the following is considered an artistic process?
sculpting
Marc Chagall's self-portrait I and the Village can best be described as a depiction of ____.
fantasy
Robert Barry wrote:

All of the things I know
But of which I am not
At the moment thinking -
1:36PM; June 15, 1969

This is an example of a ____.
wordwork
Henri Matisse and Romare Bearden both utilize ____ to create order and harmony in their versions of the Piano Lesson.
color and shape repetition
Examining a work of art in its historical, social, and political ____ enables you to better understand it.
context
In Betye Saar's The Liberation of Aunt Jemima, the artist is protesting the use of Aunt Jemima as a(n) ____.
stereotype
The 16th-century artist Leonardo da Vinci produced what is perhaps the most famous painting in the history of Western art. This painting is known as ____.
Mona Lisa
Glass sculptor Dale Chihuly's Fioridi Como, located in Las Vegas' Bellagio Hotel, is a 70-foot-long ceiling piece reminiscent of the shapes and brilliant colors of Venice's renowned ____ glass.
murano
In Four Marilyns, Pop artist Andy Warhol participated in the cultural ____ of the film star and icon Marilyn Monroe.
immortalization
From the Italian for "light-dark," what term is sometimes used in place of the word modeling?
chiaroscuro
In La Source, Prud'hon's nude figure is ____.
carefully modeled and three dimensional
The colors opposite each other on the color wheel are ____.
complementary
In works with ____, the lines are completed by the viewer.
implied line
Diagonal lines are often used to ____.
imply movement and directionality
Impressionist painter Claude Monet was trying to capture the effect of ____ in his Haystack at Sunset Near Giverny.
optical color
David Gilhooly's Bowl of Chocolate Moose seems gooey and edible. It is a visual pun that employs the use of a technique known as ____.
trompe l'oeil
American sculptor Alexander Calder is known for his mobiles, which are excellent examples of ____.
kinetic art
One of the best ways to create the illusion of motion on a two-dimensional surface is by ____.
blurring outlines
When you look at a(n) ____ painting, your eyes are manipulated to see rippling movement and afterimages.
Op art
What inspired Picasso to create his groundbreaking painting known as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon?
African and Iberian art
Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-Six Times, exhibits ____ due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions.
variety within unity
When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and compositional elements, they are pursuing ____.
conceptual unity
Oskar Kokoschka's frenzied brushstrokes in The Tempest are thought to mirror his own ____.
inner torment
Compositions such as Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures are termed ____ because they make no reference at all to nature or reality.
Nonobjective
The form of an artwork includes all of the elements that make up the composition except ____.
balance
2. subject matter
3. three dimensionality
4. texture
5. color
subject matter
The ____ of a work of art is everything that is contained in it.
content
____ is the study of the themes and symbols in the visual arts: the figures and images that lend works their underlying meanings.
Iconography
Roy Lichtenstein's Forget It, Forget Me! is an example of Pop Art that has the visual appearance of a ____.
comic strip
Willie Bester's collage Semekazi (Migrant Miseries) was intended to symbolize the ____.
oppression of South African apartheid
In Robert Mapplethorpe's photography, such as Ken Moody and Robert Sherman, he drew the world's attention to what it was like to ____.
be gay and living in America
With a drawing, the quality of line and the nature of shading are very much affected by the ____ of the support.
texture
In its original meaning, a ____ was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projects such as frescoes, stained glass, oil paintings, or tapestries.
cartoon
Which of the following drawing materials cannot be smudged or rubbed for a hazy effect?
1. chalk
2. silverpoint
3. charcoal
4. pastel
5. pencil
silverpoint
Dr. Seuss, famous for his children's books, worked for a New York tabloid newspaper as chief editorial cartoonist during ____.
World War II
Rembrandt copied ____ but added some additional features to his own sketched version.
Leonardo da Vinci's Last Supper
embrandt used ____ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew.
impasto
____ was the principal painting medium during the Byzantine and Romanesque eras of Christian art.
Gouache
____ is a mixture of pigment and a synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water.
Acrylic
Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein's portrait of George Washington is an oil-on-canvas image that most resembles a(n) ____.
comic-book hero
In both tempera and oil painting, the surface of the wood or canvas is covered with a ground of powdered chalk or plaster and animal glue known as ____.
gesso
Fifteenth-century artist Gentile da Fabriano applied thinly hammered sheets of gold to his Adoration of the Magi tempera panel using a technique known as ____.
gilding
Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____ to represent the essential features of a woman.
only a few uniformly etched lines
In works such as her Untitled mixed-media print of Chinese girls, Hung Liu's purpose is to ____.
highlight the degradation of previous generations of Chinese women
Which of the following types of printmaking is not an essentially linear media?
1. drypoint
2. woodblock
3. mezzotint
4. engraving
5. etching
mezzotint
Serigraphy, or silkscreen, was first developed for use as a(n) ____ medium, a fitting medium because Pop artist ____ used it to create Four Multi-colored Marilyns
commercial; Andy Warhol
commercial; Andy Warhol
Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a ____. The areas that were not meant to be printed were carved out ____ the surface of the wood.
woodcut; below
Woodcuts make use of the flat surface of wooden boards, but wood engravings use the end sections of the boards, yielding a ____ surface.
hard, non-directional
In Paul Landacre's Growing Corn, we see a good example of the ____ that can be obtained from the skillful use of wood engraving.
precise lines and tonal gradations
In the ____ process, the artist creates clean-cut lines on a plate of copper, zinc, or steel by forcing a sharp burin across the surface with the heel of the hand.
engraving
In creating his Christ Crucified between Two Thieves, Rembrandt used a drypoint needle in order to create ____.
soft, velvety lines
soft, velvety lines
The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the development of 20th century artistic ____.
abstraction
The Artist's Studio, taken in 1837, was the first photograph of its kind and was produced on silver-plated copper by ____.
Daguerre
William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ____, produced from a ____.
plants; negative
After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____ process, an example of which is Young Lady with an Umbrella.
autochrome
Dorothea Lange's Migrant Mother is a touching photograph taken during the period of ____.
the Great Depression
Margaret Bourke-White wrote, "Using the camera was almost a relief; it interposed a slight barrier between myself and the white horror in front of me..." Here, Bourke-White is describing ____.
Buchenwald during the Holocaust
With a Polaroid camera, the photograph appears before your eyes. This is an example of ____ film.
color reversal
Doryphoros
Literally means spear-bearer
Radial balance
radiate out from a center point in a circular fashion
In the Family of Saltimbanques, Picasso Places visual emphasis on the seated woman in the painting through_________?
isolation
True fresco, or ____, is executed on damp ____.
buon fresco, lime plaster
In the 17th century, a Dutchman developed a technique for mezzotint, from the Italian for ____, in which the metal plate is worked over with a multi-toothed tool called a ____.
half-tint, hatcher