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The supercontinent Pangaea at one time joined together what is now Africa, South
America, Antarctica, Australia, Madagascar, and India.
Darfur Province, the recent scene of a massive ethnic cleansing, is located in the centralwest
Contagious diffusion is strongly associated with local distance effects, whereas
hierarchical diffusion often involves the leapfrogging of innovations among widely
Hydraulic civilization theory holds that:
cities able to control irrigated farming over large hinterlands hold
power over other cities
Iran differs from most of the North Africa/Southwest Asian realm in that:
it is predominantly Shi'ite
The major difference between an endemic and a pandemic disease is that:
a pandemic disease moves through the population of a large area of the world, whereas an endemic disease is simply present, affecting the lives of millions of people in a negative way
The irredentist movement in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan is based on
cultural affiliations with the neighboring country of:
The fortified political boundary separating the two Koreas has done little to halt trade and
population movements between the two political entities.
The concept that indicates that destabilization in one area will eventually affect
neighboring areas is known as the:
More than half of Southeast Asia's population lives in which two countries?
Indonesia and the Philippines
For many years, Australia had an immigration policy that:
allowed only white people to enter the country
The animals found in Australia who carry their young in pouches are collectively known
Which of the following is true?
While much of interior Australia is desert, most of interior New
Zealand is mountainous.
In Islam the 5 pillars of faith are:
repeated expressions of creed, frequent prayer, ramadan, almsgiving, pilgrimage to Mecca
In the area of Darfur, between Chad and Sudan, what happened?
Mass genocide between Muslim North and Non-muslim south
Where is the fertile crescent in northern Africa and southwest Asia?
Tygis Euphrates, hydraulic civilization
What three countries have a dispute over the marchland (uncertain boundaries) of Kashmir?
China, India, Pakistan
What three lakes are created by nile dams?
Lake Tana in Ethiopia, Lake Victoria in East Africa, and Lake Nasser created by the Aswan High Dam
What is the lowest and highest position in the the caste system for Hinduism?
Lowest: Dalits (untouchables) Highest: Brahmins
Why is the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan a fragile area?
People immigrating to Pakistan to escape the Soviet Union and Taliban Regime were suffering political pressure and irrendentism from Pakistan.
The region of Tibet (Xizang) has tall mountains and high plateaus. In the years of 1950 and 1965 what two things did this region go through?
Chinese communism in 1950. In 1965 it was annexed into an autonomous region.
Macua has stations of casinos and was brought back to communism after being controlled by:
Who was the biggest influence on Metropolitan Japan? (Now the second largest economy in the world)
What region was named "Formosa" and eventually was turned into the Republic of China by Chinese Nationalist in 1949?
Shape of Malaysia, Philippines, and Indonesia?
Fragmented states, several parts, isolated areas, and lots of challenges with transportation and communication.
What city has an advantage over the other: Saigon or Hanoi?
Saigon (Ho Chi Mihn City) is far more developed because of more convenient transportation for trade and travel.
What two steps are required to establish a boundary?
1) Definition: contract defining boundary. 2) Delimitation: Drawing official boundary on large scale maps.
Who was responsible for the "killing fields" genocide of 1975, where millions on residents were forced out of homes to rural areas to suffer?
The communist Khmer Rouge
clearly detected but passes through sparsely inhabited areas. Ex: Malaysia and Indonesia
drawn forcibly across unified cultural landscape. Ex: Netherlands and New Guinea (then taken over by Indonesia)
ceased no function but imprints are still evident in cultural landscape. Ex: North and South Vietnam, Singapore and Malaysia.
What is considered Papua New Guinea?
Eastern half of New Guinea where Papua was first taken over by the Dutch (???)
What are the concerns with the indigenous people?
Mass racism against the aborigines and arguments over claims to land.
What are the meanings of Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia?
Mela: black, Micro: small, Poly: many.
What are classic associations with Hinduism?
They don't eat meat, oldest religion, polytheistic, and they cremate their dead.
Who started a cultural revolution that spilled out of China and into other surrounding countries?
Who was leader of the Communist party of China after Mao died and changed China into a market economy?
What does the Treaty of Waitangi?
Gives land and fishing rights between the Maori's and the other citizens.
What kind of relationship is there with island tourism?
There is a good and bad relationship with island tourism.
What are the associations with the high and the low islands?
High: islands of volcanic origins. Low: Origin is due to sedimentation or uplifting of coral reefs.
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