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AP Human Geography Key Terms 2
Terms in this set (31)
Concentric Zone Model
Model that describes urban environments as a series of rings of distinct land uses radiating out from a central core, or central business district.
Cities that are located on the outskirts of larger cities and serve many of the same functions of urban areas, but in sprawling, decentralized suburban environment.
Person who has left the inner city and moved to outlying suburbs or rural areas.
Cities that arose during the Middle Ages and that actually represent a time of relative stagnation in urban growth. This system fostered a dependent relationship between wealthy landowners and peasants who worked their land, providing very little alternative economic opportunities.
Cities that, because of their geographic location, act as ports of entry and distribution centers for large geographic areas.
The trend of middle- and upper-income Americans moving into city centers and rehabilitating much of the architecture but also replacing low-income populations, and changing the social character of certain neighborhoods.
A process occurring in many inner cities in which they become dilapidated centers of poverty, as affluent whites move out to the suburbs and immigrants and people of color vie for scarce jobs and resources.
The market area surrounding an urban center which, which that urban center serves.
Period characterized by the rapid social and economic changes in manufacturing and agricultural that occurred in England during the late 18th century and rapidly diffused to other parts of the developed world.
Inner City Decay
Those parts of large urban areas that lose significant portions of their populations as a result of change in industry or migration to suburbs. Because of these changes, the inner city loses its tax base and becomes a center of poverty.
Cities in Muslim countries that owe their structure to their religious beliefs. Islamic cities contain mosques at their center and walls guarding their perimeter. Open-air markets, courtyards surrounded by high walls, and dead-end streets, which limit foot traffic in residential neighborhoods, also characterize Islamic cities.
Latin American Cities
Cities in Latin America that own much of their structure to colonialism, the rapid rise of industrialization, and continual rapid increases in population. Similar to other colonial cities, they also demonstrate distinctive sectors of industrial or residential development radiating out from the central business district, where most industrial and financial activity occurs.
Cities that developed in Europe during the Medieval Period and that contain such unique features as extreme density of development with narrow buildings and winding streets, an ornate church that prominently marks the city center, and high walls surrounding the city center that provided defense against attack.
Cities, mostly characteristic of the developing world, where high population growth and migration have caused them to explode in population since World War II. All megacities are plagued by chaotic and unplanned growth, terrible polution, and widespread poverty.
Several, metropolitan areas that were originally separate but that have joined together to form a large, sprawling urban complex.
Within the United States, an urban area consisting of one or more whole county unites, usually containing several urbanized areas, or suburbs, that all act together as a coherent economic whole.
Point of view, wherein cities and building are though to act like well-oiled machines, which little energy spent on frivolous details or ornate designs. Efficient, geometrical structures made of concrete and glass dominated urban forms for half a century while this view prevailed.
Multiple Nuclei Model
Type of urban form wherein cities have numerous centers of business and cultural activity instead of one central place.
Geographical centers of activity. A large city, such as Los Angeles, has numerous nodes.
A reaction in architectural design to the feeling of sterile alienation that many people get from modern architecture. Postmodernist uses older, historical styles and a sense of lightheartedness and eclecticism. Buildings combine pleasant-looking forms and playful colors to convey new ideas and to create spaces that are more people friendly than their modernist predecessors.
A country's leading city, with population that is disproportionately greater than other urban areas within the same country.
Rule that states that the population of any given town should be inversely proportional to its rank in the country's hierarchy when the distribution of cities according to their sizes follows a certain pattern.
A model or urban land use that places the central business district in the middle with wedge-shaped sectors radiating outwards from the center along transportation corridors.
The process that results from suburbanization when affluent individuals leave the city center for homogeneous suburban neighborhoods. This process isolates those individuals who cannot afford to consider relocating to suburban neighborhoods and must remain in certain pockets of the central city.
Residential developments characterized by extreme poverty that usually exist on land just outside of cities that is neither owned nor rented by its occupants.
Residential communities, lovated outside of city cneters, that are usually relatively homogeneous in terms of population.
Urban Growth Boundary
Geographical boundaries placed around a vity to limit suburban growth within that city.
The process occurring in some urban areas experiencing inner city decay that usually involves the construction of new shopping districss, entertainment venues, and cultural attractions to entice young urban professionals back into the cities where nightlife and culture are more accessible.
The process of expansive suburban development over large areas spreading out form a city, in which the automobile provides the primary source of transportation.
Centers of economic, culture, and political activity that are strongly interconnected and together control the glodbal systems of finance and commerce.
Cities in Europe that were mostly developed during the Medieval Period and that retain many of the same characteristics such as extreme density of development with narrow buildings and winding streets, an ornate church that prominently marks that city center, and high walls surrounding the city center that provided defense against attack.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP Human Geography Unit 7
AP Human Geography Chapter 13 Vocab
AP Human Geography: Chapter 9 - Urban Geography
AP Human Geography-Services
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