Engineering chapter 1 test

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Terms in this set (...)

Assess
To thoroughly and methodically analyze accomplishment against specific goals and criteria.
Assessment
An evaluation technique for technology that requires analyzing benefits and risks, understanding the trade-offs and then determining the best action to take in order to ensure that the desired positive outcomes outweigh the negative consequences.
Brainstorm
A group technique for solving problems, generating ideas, stimulating creative thinking, etc. by unrestrained spontaneous participation in discussion.
Client
A person using the services of a professional person or organization.
Creativity
The ability to make or bring a new concept or idea into existence; marked by the ability or power to create.
Criteria
A means of judging. A standard, rule, or test by which something can be judged.
Constraint
A limit to a design process. These may be such things as appearance, funding, space, materials, and human capabilities.
Design
An iterative decision-making process that produces plans by which resources are converted into products or systems that meet human needs and wants or solve problems.
Design Brief
A written plan that identifies a problem to be solved, its criteria, and its constraints. They are used to encourage thinking of all aspects of a problem before attempting a solution.
Design Process
A systematic problem-solving strategy, with criteria and constraints, used to develop many possible solutions to solve a problem or satisfy human needs and wants and to narrow down the possible solutions to one final choice.
Design Statement
A part of a design brief that challenges the designer, describes what a design solution should do without describing how to solve the problem, and identifies the degree to which the solution must be executed.
Designer
A person who designs any of a variety of things. This usually implies the task of creating drawings or in some ways uses visual cues to organize his or her work.
Engineer
A person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems.
Engineering Notebook
A book in which an engineer will formally document, in chronological order, all of his/her work that is associated with a specific design project.
Innovation
An improvement of an existing technological product, system, or method of doing something.
Invention
A new product, system, or process that has never existed before, created by study and experimentation.
Iterative
A process that repeats a series of steps over and over until the desired outcome is obtained.
Justifiable
Capable of being shown as reasonable or merited according to accepted standards.
Piling-on
An idea that produces a similar idea or an enhanced idea.
Problem Identification
The recognition of an unwelcome or harmful matter needing to be dealt with.
Product
A tangible artifact produced by means of either human or mechanical work, or by biological or chemical process.
Prototype
A full-scale working model used to test a design concept by making actual observations and necessary adjustments.
Research
The systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
Valid
Well-founded on evidence and corresponds accurately to the real world.
What is the 2nd step of the Design Process?
Generate Concepts
What is the 5th step of the Design Process?
Evaluate the Solution
What is the 1st step of the Design Process?
Identify a Problem
What is the 3rd step of the Design Process?
Develop a Solution
What is the 6th step of the Design Process?
Present the Solution
What is the 4th step of the Design Process?
Construct and Test a Prototype
At which stage of the Design Process would "Criteria and Constraints" be discussed
Identify a Problem
At which stage of the Design Process would "Research" happen?
Generate Concepts
True or False: The Design Process is a linear process
False
Design can be defined as:
A generic term that refers to anything that was made by a conscious human effort.

A process that is used to systematically solve problems.
What is the purpose of the 1st section of the Design Brief?
Client/Target Consumer
What is the purpose of the 2nd section of the Design Brief?
Designer
What is the purpose of the 3rd section of the Design Brief?
Problem Statement
What is the purpose of the 4th section of the Design Brief?
Design Statement
What is the purpose of the 5th section of the Design Brief?
Constraints
What portion of the Design Brief would the following statement occur?
"Obviously, a child is the end user, but a person (parent, family member, or family friend) considering the purchase of an educational toy for an infant or toddler."
Target Consumer
What portion of the Design Brief would the following statement occur?
"A large toy manufacturer, such as Playskool, Fisher Price, or Leap Frog."
Client
What portion of the Design Brief would the following statement occur?
"Design, market, test, and mass produce a multi-function educational toy that is an infant activity center and a toddler walking aid."
Design Statement
What portion of the Design Brief would the following statement occur?
"Most parents expect their children to be able to walk, talk, sing, count, and recite the alphabet before entering elementary school. A growing expectation is that infants and toddlers will develop cognitive abilities and fine motor skills during the first three years of life."
Problem Statement
What portion of the Design Brief would the following statement occur?
"Easy to assemble."
"Visually stimulating to a child."
"Contains multiple shapes, numbers, and letters."
"Plays music."
"Complies with all applicable health and safety codes."
"Easy to clean."
Constraints
Rules for Brainstorming include all of the following except:
Criticism is allowed
True or False: Brainstorming involves collecting ideas in regards to feasibility (usefulness)
False
True or False: Naturally, people automatically tend to evaluate each suggested idea - their own, as well as others. This is important to understand since there is no criticism allowed when Brainstorming
True
This can be defined when a member's idea produces a similar idea or an enhanced idea.
Piling-on
This can be defined when outrageous, humorous, and seemingly unimportant ideas should be recorded. It is possible for the most off-the-wall idea to be one wherein lies the solution for the problem
Free-for-All
This can be demonstrated through the use of Post-It notes, free writing, and conversational "Blurting Out"
Free Form Brainstorming
Common Concept Generation Dysfunctions include:
Using a poor design brief.

Assuming there is only ONE right answer.

Getting hooked on the FIRST solution.

Considering the ideas from only one or two team members.

Feeling too anxious to finish.

Getting hooked on a solution that almost works.
In order to ensure that all ideas are captured during Brainstorming, a group should have a note taker:
Take photographs.

Compile ideas after the session.
Ideas created by mentally forcing the association of two seemingly unrelated items is referred to as:
Forced Association
One of the purposes of Development...
Is the actual construction, fabrication, assembly, layout, and testing of scale models, pilot models, and experimental models for pilot processes or procedures that will work.
One of the purposes of Supervision...
Is to employ knowledge of structural materials, fabricating processes, and general physical principles to estimate both time and cost to accomplish a task.
One of the purposes of Design...
Is to anticipate all manner of problems that the user may create in the application of a machine or use of a structure.
One of the purposes of Research...
Is to employ basic scientific principles in the discovery and application of new knowledge that will have commercial or economic value
True or False: Innovation is the application of mathematics and scientific principles to better or improve life
False
True or False: An engineer is a person who is trained in and uses technological and scientific knowledge to solve practical problems
True
The engineering task of Production and Construction involves:
The supervision of other engineers on the job and the preparation of schedules for production and construction.
The engineering function of Management involves:
Using the capabilities of the company to the best advantage to produce a desirable product in a competitive economy.
The engineering function of Operations involves:
The responsibility for the maintenance of the building, equipment, grounds, and utilities.
The engineering function of Sales involves:
Presenting the use of new products to prospective customers.
Which of the following fields of engineering is NOT considered one of the BIG FOUR fields of engineering?
Aeronautical Engineering
This type of engineering is responsible for new and improved products and processes like:
-New fuels for rockets, reactors, and booster propulsion
-Medicines, vaccines, serum, and plasma
-Plastics, synthetics, and textiles
Chemical Engineering
This type of engineering is focused on:
-large electrical systems
-motors and generators
-electrical circuits in buildings
-power transmission systems
-electrical generation systems
Electrical Engineering
This type of engineering has projects that vary widely in nature, size, and scope. They include:
-space satellites
-launch facilities
-offshore structures
-bridges
-buildings
-highways
Civil Engineering
This type of engineering applies the principles of mechanics and energy to the design of machines and devices. It is most often associated with devices that move but includes thermal designs as well as HVAC.
Mechanical Engineering
This type of engineering discipline blends engineering knowledge with soil systems, land management, and environmental control.
Agricultural Engineering
This type of engineering discipline focuses on the design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, and energy to produce a product at the lower possible cost.
Industrial Engineering
This type of engineering discipline bridges engineering, physical, and life sciences in identifying and solving medical and health-related problems.
Biomedical Engineering
This type of engineering discipline deals with flight and the movement of fluids in the earth's atmosphere.
Aeronautical Engineering
This type of engineering discipline works with architects focusing on structural integrity and safety of design.
Architectural Engineering
True or False: One of the advantages of Primary Research is that it requires extensive planning.
False
True or False: Secondary Research includes books, journals, magazines, and newspapers.
True
True or False: Secondary Research requires more time and little to no cost in comparison to primary research.
False
The US Census is which type of source?
Statistical data
What website is not a legitimate database?
Wikipedia
True or False: Plagiarism is not a problem if done by accident.
False
True or False: It is up to the reader to evaluate the sources used by the researcher.
False
Which acronyms represent common formats for citing work?
APA and MLA
True or False: Scholarly Journals are like magazine articles but they have no review process for quality control.
False
True or False: Research is the systematic study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and research new conclusions.
True