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Middle Eastern Studies
Middle East Test cards
Terms in this set (63)
An expensive water management process used by some Middle Eastern countries.
A river called the ____ runs from Turkey through Syria and Iraq and then to the Persian Gulf.
_________ Empire reigned for over 600 years. Sulieman was the leader at the peak of the empire.
The two territories in Israel where Palestinians are located are the ____ _____ and Gaza Strip
The ____ _____ is a choke point between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea.
Which prophet led the Israelites out of Egypt and received the Ten Commandments?
What is the holy book of Islam?
Which country's 1979 revolution overthrew the shah and set up an theocracy (ruled by a religious leader)?
A nomadic Arab is often referred to as this.
He was a dictator in Iraq that invaded Kuwait
____ ____is a Jewish holiday that is considered a day of atonement or acknowledgement of sin.
This is an important natural underground rock layer through which water flows.
The prophet that started the Islamic faith.
A choke point called the Strait of _____ is the most critical in regard to oil being exported.
This is the lack of supply of a resource
an economic system called a f____ ____ economy is based on choices with little or no government control
This is having more of a particular resource than what is needed.
This is the holiest city for Jewish and Christian people
What country did the U.S. invade just after 9/11 resulting in the U.S. overthrowing the government?
This means "within a country".
This radical Muslim government in Afghanistan was overthrown by the U.S.
This radical Muslim political and military organization is found in Lebanon.
The two sects of Islam are _____ and Shia
This democratic country officially became a country in 1948.
This Egyptian president was assassinated for his decision to recognize Israel as a state
Hamas is a Palestinian government that rules over this piece of land.
This organization regulates the amount of oil that the world should produce.
Iranians are not Arabs. They consider themselves this mostly Farsi speaking ethnic group.
The Golan Heights is important because it has large amounts of this.
Currently, in which Middle East country is power held mostly by a religious leader?
This is the holy book of Judaism
This is the total value of all goods and services in one country
This was the Nazi attempt at a Jewish genocide.
This is the use of underground pipes to the aquifer to deliver water for irrigation
This political and military group represents the Palestinian Territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
The two European countries mainly responsible for the division of the Ottoman Empire after WWI were G___ ___ and France
An ethnic group called the ____wasn't given a homeland after WWI and faced genocide by an Iraqi dictator.
Which terrorist organization took responsibility for 9/11?
The ______ Sea has been damaged by poaching (in this case, illegal fishing)
A type of economy is completely run by the government is called a _____ economy.
This was the U.S.'s response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
Palestine was recognized as a state because of an agreement between Israel and Egypt called the _______ ________ Accord.
The ______ ______ war began with the Iraqi army invading Kuwait.
The ______ - _____ war began as a dispute over the Shatt al-Arab waterway where the Tigris and Euphrates join together
This was the spread of Jews away from their holy land after being attacked by the Romans in Palestine.
This type of government bases all decisions on a holy book.
The former Iraqi dictactor that invaded Kuwait
This is a government that is ruled by a small group
A TYPE of government in which the ruler has absolute power to do whatever he wishes - Saudi Arabia has this type of government. This government is typically unitary.
A TYPE of government in which decisions are made mostly by the people of the country. Officials are chosen by majority votes. Israel has this type of government.
This is the Jewish desire to return to their homeland.
This is the name for a Shia religious leader
This is the name given to the mountain range found on the southeastern border of Iran
This was the blood-relative, cousin, and son-in-law of Muhammad
Feelings against Jews are called anti-_________
Osama bin Laden
This person proclaimed himself leader of the terrorist group Al Qaeda
He was the father-in-law and close friend of Muhammad who became the next caliph for Islam
A terrorist group trying to seize territory in Iraq and Syria through extreme acts of terrorism
This civilization was located along the Fertile Crescent.
This president was elected in Afghanistan's first free election in 2004
This strait near Singapore is an important trade route between the Middle East and Southeast Asia
The purpose of Operation _____ ______ was to stop al-Qaeda terrorist activity and shut down terrorist camps
Palestinians were given the right to establish their own government in both of the Palestinian territories because of the _________ Accords.
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