Globe Terms

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Hemisphere
Half of the Earth
Northern Hemisphere
The part of the Earth that is north of the equator
Southern Hemisphere
The part of the Earth that is south of the equator
Eastern Hemisphere
The part of the earth that is east of the prime meridian
Western Hemisphere
The part of the earth that is west of the prime meridian
Equator
An imaginary line that runs around that runs around the middle of the earth like a belt; 0 degrees latitude; divides the earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres
Prime Meridian
An imaginary line that runs from north to south and divides the earth into Eastern and Western Hemispheres; passes through Greenwich, England; 0 degrees longitude
Lines of Latitude
Parallels; imaginary lines that circle the earth and run side-to-side
Lines of Longitude
Meridians; imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to South Pole
North Pole
Point north of the Earth where the lines of longitude meet; 90 degrees N latitude
South Pole
Point south on the Earth where the lines of longitude meet; 90 degrees S latitude
Tropic of Cancer
Imaginary line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees N latitude
Tropic of Capricorn
Imaginary line of latitude located at 23.5 degrees S latitude
Arctic Circle
Imaginary line of latitude located at 66.5 degrees N latitude
Antarctica Circle
Imaginary line of latitude located at 66.5 degrees S latitude
Absolute Location
The exact location of a place using lines of latitude and longitude (ex. Tokyo is located at about 36 degrees N latitude and 140 degrees E longitude)
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