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32 terms

anatomy chapter 13 test

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Which one of the following is NOT true of lung cancer:
it is caused mainly by pollution
Which of the following are currently the most damaging and disabling respiratory diseases in the US:
COPD and lung cancer
The homeostatic imbalance associated with the death of many full-term newborn infants is called:
SIDS
Which one of the following is true of cystic fibrosis:
-it is the most common lethal genetic disease in the us
-it causes over secretion of thick mucus that clogs the respiratory passages
-it impairs food digestion
-it causes sweat glands to produce an extremely salty perspiration
Which one of the following is NOT true of cystic fibrosis:
Those that have it can live long, normal lives
The abbreviation IRDS stands for:
infant respiratory distress syndrome
Emphysema results in:
-enlarges alveoli
-lung fibrosis
-expanded barrel chest
-decreases lung elasticity
The most important chemical stimuli leading to increases rate and depth of breathing is:
increased carbon dioxide in the blood
Hyperventilation leads to all of the following:
-brief period of apnea
-cyanosiss
-dizziness
-fainting
Hyperventilation leads to all of the following EXCEPT:
hunger
Cessation of breathing is called:
apnea
Emphysema results in all of the following EXCEPT:
long life span
The bluish cast that results form inadequate oxygenation of the skin and mucosa is called:
cyanosis
Exchange of both the oxygen and carbon dioxide through the respiratory membrane occurs by:
simple diffusion
The walls of the alveoli are composed largely of:
simple squamus epithelium
which one of the following is true of lungs:
-the narrower portion of each ling is called the apex
-the bases rest on the diaphragm
-the left lung has two lobes
-the right lung has three lobes
which one of the following is NOT true of lungs:
-the left lung is smaller because of the liver (the liver is on the right)
the serous membrane covering the surface of the lungs is called the:
visceral pluera
parietal pluera:
is touching the body cavity
The flap of elastic cartilage that protects food entering the larynx when swallowing is the:
epiglottis
Te opening between the vocal chords is called the:
glottis
When oxygen enters the respiratory system, what is the next structure to which it travels immediately upon leaving the trachea:
main (primary) bronchi
Cilia of the trachea that beat continually propel contaminated mucus:
toward the throat to be swallowed or spat out
What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity:
trap incoming bacteria and other foreign debris
the respiratory conducting passageways perform the following functions:
purify air
humidify aur
warm incoming air
allow air to reach the lungs
the respiratory conducting passageways perform the following functions EXCEPT:
gas exchange(which happens in the alveoli)
the conducting passageways of the respiratory system include all of the following structures:
nose
parynx
larynx
trachea
the conducting passageways of the respiratory system include all of the following structures EXCEPT:
alveoli
the general term for inadequate oxygen delivery to body tissues regardless of the cause is called:
hypoxia
wheezing is a whistling sound associated with:
diseased respiratory tissue, mucus, or pus
inflammating od the pleura is often caused by decreases secretion of pleural fluid called:
pleurisy
The emergency surgical opening of the trachea is called a:
tracheostomy