AP European History - Scientific Revolution
Terms in this set (23)
French philosopher and mathematician who lived from 1596-1650. His discourse on Method states that all assumptions had to be proven on the basis of known facts. He wrote, "I think; therefore, I am." His method of questioning was built upon a strict, orderly logical reasoning.
English physician who used lab experiments to study the circulation of blood and its flow through arteries and veins as well as the heart.
The Polish scientist who worked in the 1500s. He abandoned the largely accepted geocentric theory that the planets moved around Earth and advocated the heliocentric theory, which stated that the center of the universe was near the Sun.
Franciscan monk, English philosopher, and scientist in the 1200s who advocated for a system of scientific experimentation in seeking truth rather than accepting without question traditional Church and ancient beliefs. This led to the development of the scientific method.
Flemish scientist who pioneered the study of anatomy and provided detailed overviews of the human body and its systems.
English scientist and author of works explaining the law of universal gravitation and means of measuring motion. His work inspired the notion of natural and universal laws ordering and arranging life.
Italian scientist who invented the telescope. This enabled him to reach new astronomical observations, such as that not every heavenly body (palnet) revolves around Earth. His later work formed the basis for the study of objects in motion, or physics.
A Danish astronomer (1546-1601) who is known for producing a vast body of astronomical data from which his successors (Kepler) could work.
A German astronomer (1571-1630) discovered that to keep the sun at the center of things, he had to abandon the circular components of Copernicus's model and instead set forth the first astronomical model showing the orbits as elliptical.
still earth center of universe with 9 revolving spheres around it
"On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres"
sun center of universe; developed by copernicus
"The Starry Messenger"
Italian mathematcian and astronomer; used his telescope to view the 4 moons around Jupiter, which disproved the geocentric theory
Newton created calculus and his book explained it.
Universal law of Gravitation
explained why planets continued in elliptical orbits around the sun
4 Bodily Humors
Paracelsus; blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile
rejected work of Aristotle and Galen; said disease was caused by an imbalance of the four bodily humors located in specific organs and that they could be treated by chemical remedies
"On the Fabric of the Human Body"
written by Vesalius; explained anatomy of a human
Francis Bacon's reasoning by experiments, mathematics, and observation
Descartes' reasoning that is assumed based on a series of occurances and/or patterns
3 Laws of Planetary Motion
Written by Kepler form 1609-1619. Reinforced Heliocentric Theory with some changes. (Like orbits were elliptical).
Dialouge of the 2 chief World Systems...
Written by Galileo in 1632. Story of 3 people debating the univers system: Geocentric or Heliocentric. Written in VERNACULAR!!!
a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated from these data, and the hypothesis is empirically tested