8th Grade Science: 2-1 & 2-2 Properties and States of Matter
Anything with mass and volume
Amount of matter in an object (Kilograms)
The pull of gravity on an object (measured in Newtons)
The amount of space an object takes up (liters=liquid, cubic centimeters=solids)
Mass per unit volume of an object (g/L)
color, shape, hardness & texture
4 phases of matter
solid, liquid, gas & plasma
Definite shape and volume
solids made up of crystals (particles arranged in a repeating pattern)
solids that lose their shape under certain conditions (glass & candle wax are examples)
No definite shape. However, they do have a definite volume. (1 Liter is 1 Liter regardless of the container it occupies) Particles are close together, but are free to move around.
The resistance of liquid to flow. (Honey has a high viscosity--it flows very slowly)
No definite shape or volume. (It will fill all available space in a container)
If the volume of a gas is reduced, the number of particle collisions will increase. Gas pressure will increase.
The volume of a fixed amount of gas varies directly with the temperature of the gas.
RARE on Earth-Matter is very high in energy and very dangerous to living things.
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