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44 terms

APUSH Review - American Legislation, Acts, Bills, Ordinances, Amendments, and Provisos

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Northwest Ordinance
1787, divided territories in the Midwest into townships and allowed them to eventually become states; supported public schools; prohibited slavery in the region; written by Dane
Fugitive Slave Laws
1793, updated in Compromise of 1850, providing different fees to judges depending on their verdict
Naturalization Act
1798, increased citizen residency requirement from 5 to 14 years; repealed in1802
Alien Act
1798, allowed President to deport any alien considered dangerous; expired in 1800
Alien Enemies Act
1798, allowed for the deportation of citizens of nations at war with the US; expired in 1801
Sedition Act
1798, prohibited printing of libel or fostering opposition to US laws
Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
1798, drafted by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to infringements of civil liberties in the Alien and Sedition Acts; later cited by nullification proponents
Missouri Compromise
1820, Clay's (KY) proposal allowed slave state MO and free state ME to enter (keeping balance at 12 each);
Tallmadge Amendment to Missouri Compromise
1820, would have freed slaves born in MO at age 25; didn't pass
Specie Circular
1836, required land payments be made in gold or silver; devalued currency; supported by Jackson; written by Benton, delivered by Treasury Secretary Woodbury
Wilmot Proviso
1846, proviso added by Wilmot (PN) to appropriations bill preventing slavery in lands acquired from Mexico; removed from the bill by the Senate
Compromise of 1850
1850, Clay's (KY) proposal included ending of slavery in DC, admission of CA, a new Fugitive Slave Law, establishment of NM and UT territories, and $10 million payment to TX
Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854, Douglas's (IL) proposal created KS and NE, and allowed settlers in both states to decide slavery issue for themselves, repealing Missouri Compromise
Homestead Act
1862, provided free land up to 160 acres to people who would settle on it for five years
Morrill Land-Grant College Act
1862, provided much federal land to states for establishing state universities
Enrollment Act
1863, instituted a draft for the Civil War, allowing exception by the payment of $300
Wade-Davis Bill
1864, Wade (OH) and Davis (MD) proposed bill requiring half a state's white males to swear loyalty before reestablishing state governments in the South; pocket-vetoed by Lincoln, who supported his Ten Percent Plan
Freedmen's Bureau
1865, also Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands; established Freedmen's Bureau to help freed slaves; headed by Howard
Tenure of Office Act
1867, prevented the President from removing officials without Senate's consent; violated by Andrew Johnson when he replaced Secretary of War Stanton with Thomas, leading to his impeachment trial
Bland-Allison Act
1878, created silver certificate and allowed silver purchase by the government
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
1883, required competitive tests for federal civil service jobs; passed in response to Garfield's assassination by Guiteau; drafted by Pendleton and Eaton
Sherman Antitrust Act
1890, proposal by Sherman (OH) outlawed all trusts in restraint of free trade
Sherman Silver Purchase Act
1890, proposal by Sherman (OH) provided by monthly purchase of silver by federal government
Teller Amendment to Declaration of War with Spain
1898, stated that the US would not annex Cuba
Platt Amendment to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901
1901, ended US occupation of Cuba; established naval base at Guantanamo Bay Spooner Amendment to the Army Appropriations Bill of 1901 - 1901, provided for civilian government in the Philippines
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906, supported by Wiley; inspired by Sinclair's Jungle; amended 1938
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914, amendment to Sherman Antitrust Act by Clayton (AL); dealt with new monopolistic practices
Espionage Act
1917, provides stiff penalties for spying against the US
Glass-Steagall Act
1932, extended credit and gold to industries
Norris-LaGuardia Act
1932, banned yellow-dog contracts and prevented injunctions
National Industrial Recovery Act
1933, established Public Works Administration (under Ickes) and National Recovery Administration to help economic recovery from Great Depression; NRA was ruled unconstitutional in Schechter Poultry v. US
Wagner Act
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
Hatch Act
1939, also Political Activity Act; limited political activities of federal employees; limited individual campaign contributions
Smith Act
1940, also Alien Registration Act; outlawed advocacy of force to change government
Lend-Lease Act
1941, allowed the President to grant economic aid to nations important to the defense of the US
Taft-Hartley Act
1947, also Labor-Management Relations Acts; curbed powers of unions; outlawed closed shop; allowed right-to-work laws; passed over Truman's veto
McCarran-Walter Act
1952, removed ban on immigration by Asians to US
Landrum-Griffin Act
1959, also Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act; Bill of Rights for union members; regulated union internal affairs; required reporting of union dealings
Voting Rights Act of 1965
1965, provided federal enforcement of laws allowing minorities to vote
Medicare Act
1965, established health insurance for the elderly
Medicaid Act
1965, established health insurance for the poor
Social Security Act of 1967
1967, established social welfare insurance
Civil Rights Act of 1968
1968, prohibited racial or religious discrimination in housing
Boland Amendment
1984, prevented US aid for contras in Nicaragua