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43 terms

Final Exam English 9 Review EGHS

Review of literary terms for final exam
STUDY
PLAY
rising action
in a story the series of conflicts or struggles that build toward a climax.
falling action
in a story events after the climax, leading to the resolution
climax
the decisive moment in a novel or play
exposition
a part of plot development at the very beginning of a story where setting and characters are introduced
denotation
the dictionary definition of a word
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
connotation
the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition
prologue
an introduction to a play or poem
aside
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
soliloquy
a speech given by a character alone on stage
dialect
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
allusion
a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
simile
comparison using like or as
epithet
any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality
epic poem
a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero
eulogy
a formal speech praising a person who has died
flashback
a transition to an earlier event or scene that interrupts the normal chronological development of the story
irony
when there is a difference between what might be expected and what actually occurs
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
foil character
a character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters,
static character
a character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end
dynamic character
a character who undergoes change during the story
round character
a character who is well developed by the author and who many characteristics
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought
sarcasm
sneering and often ironic language intended to hurt a person's feelings
situational irony
a type of irony in which events turn out the opposite of what was expected.
conflict
opposition in a work of fiction between characters or forces,especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot
dramatic irony
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience or reader but not by the characters in the play or story
direct characterization
Author directly describes character
indirect characterization
The character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others
hubris
excessive pride or self confidence
mood
The atmosphere created by the setting and by the actions of the characters
epiphany
sudden realization
diction
A writer's or speaker's choice of words
in medias res
beginning in the middle of the action (in the middle of things)
apostrophe
when a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
epic simile
A simile developed over several lines of verse, esp. one used in an epic poem.
extended metaphor
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work.
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
coming of age story
A story in which a young protagonist experiences an introduction to adulthood.
five types of imagery
five senses visual (see), auditory (hear), tactile (feel), gustatory (taste), olfactory(smell)