Chapter 7 AP World History

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Terms in this set (...)

Achaemenids
First ruling dynasty from 558-330 founded by Cyrus
Medes
these people and the Persians migrated from central Asia to Persia
Cyrus
founded the Achaemenids, launched the Persians' imperial venture, called the Shepherd
Darius
expanded the the Persian empire, Indus region, most important administrator
Persepolis
built by Darius to show the wealth of the Persians new capitol
Satrapies
local administrations, headed by a Persian but base of the people of that region
qanat
underground canals
Persian Wars
rebellion of Ionian Greeks
Alexander of Macedon
invaded Persia with an army of some 48,000 trained, crumpled the Achaemenid
Seleucids
second dynasty 305-281, founded new cities throughout the realm , they failed because they were foreigners and opposed the native Persians
Parthians
increased agriculture, lived in modern day Iran third dynasty of Persians, semi nomads, well trained forces of cavalry, restored Persian traditions, pressured by Roman Empire
Sassanids
toppled the Parthians, from 224-651, strong rule
Zarathustra
prophet that founded Zoroastrianism, focused on moral teachings, good thoughts which leads to good words which leads to good deeds
Gathas
hymns that Zarathustra composed in honor of the various deities that he recognized literature
Angra Maunyu
Only god of Zoroastrianism
Manichaeism
religion based on salvation
Cambyses
conquered Egypt
Royal Road
stretched over 2,575 kilometers from Sardis in Lydia to Susa in Iran, took 90 from caravans to cross
New class of bureaucrats
undermined the position of the old warrior elite, came to share the power and influence with warriors and clans leader, were well educated, included corps of translators