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100 terms

History Final

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In 1957, the effort to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, required
the presence of federal troops to enforce court orders
Between 1945 and 1960, the birth rate in the United States
reversed a long pattern of decline
During the 1950s in the United States, married women who worked outside the home
decreased in number throughout the decade
The Eisenhower administration responded to Fidel Castro's coming to power in Cuba by
ending diplomatic relations
With highways, travel by automobile, truck, and bus was as fast or faster than by trains and contributed to the decline of
downtowns
In 1954, the United States Senate voted to
censure Joseph McCarthy for "conduct unbecoming a senator."
Until the early 1950s, the country the United States assisted in trying to control Vietnam was
France.
The first American to be launched into space, in 1961, was
Alan Shepard.
Between 1945-1959, U.S. policy in the Middle East saw
the CIA engineer a coup that brought the shah of Iran to power
In 1954, the Eisenhower administration ordered the CIA to help overthrow the government of
Guatemala.
Martin Luther King Jr. was leader of the
Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
During the 1950s, the popularity in the United States of suburban living was partly explained by
All these answers are correct.
In 1954, the American scientist Jonas Salk developed a vaccine for the prevention of
polio
During the 1950s, the U.S. government's primary motive for the development of rocket and missile technology was
the long-range delivery of weapons
The primary goal of the American Apollo program was to
land men on the moon.
Under John Foster Dulles's policy of "massive retaliation," announced in 1954, the United States would
use nuclear weapons against communist aggression
The Soviet Union's announcement in 1960 that it had shot down an American U-2 spy plane
led Soviet Premier Khrushchev to withdraw his invitation to Eisenhower to visit Moscow.
Like many early white rock musicians, Elvis Presley drew heavily from black traditions in
rhythm and blues
The rapid rise in the popularity of rock music was partly due to
All these answers are correct
The Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
declared that separate educational facilities were unlawful
Following World War II, the American economy
grew, between 1945 and 1975, nearly ten times faster than the population.
The popular "beat" novel On the Road (1957) was written by
Jack Kerouac
The Montgomery bus boycott of 1955-1956
marked the emergence of an effective form of racial protest
In the civil rights movement, the spirit of "massive resistance" is associated with
southern whites
During the 1950s, the American Federation of Labor in the United States
merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations
In 1968, antiwar protesters at the Democratic convention in Chicago
were attacked by police in a bloody riot
Which of the following individuals was NOT at one point a candidate in the 1968 Democratic primaries?
George McGovern
In the 1962 Cuban missile crisis, the
United States ordered a naval and air blockade of Cuba
In 1967, President Lyndon Johnson responded to mounting inflation at home by
agreeing to large funding reductions in Great Society programs
In the 1960s, the philosophy of "black power"
called for an increased awareness of racial differences.
The overthrow of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963
was supported by the Kennedy administration
Martin Luther King's "I have a dream" speech
was given during the largest civil rights demonstration in the nation's history to that point.
Great Society reforms
contributed to the greatest reduction in poverty in American history
The Immigration Act of 1965
eliminated rules that gave preference to immigrants from northern Europe
The Civil Rights Act of 1965 primarily focused on the issue of
voting rights.
In 1956, scheduled national elections for Vietnam were cancelled because
the pro-Western government in South Vietnam refused to hold them
In the Vietnam War, the "Ho Chi Minh Trail" was
continually moved by the North Vietnamese
In 1961, the "freedom rides" sponsored by CORE attempted to
force the desegregation of bus stations
During the Bay of Pigs operation, President John Kennedy decided to withhold
military air support.
The 1968 Tet offensive
All these answers are correct.
All of the following statements regarding the 1968 Tet offensive are true EXCEPT that it
led to the fall of Saigon to the communists
One of the chief obstacles in John Kennedy's presidential bid in 1960 was his
religion.
Only weeks after taking office, President Lyndon Johnson declared a "war" on
poverty.
Under the terms of the Geneva Conference accords, Vietnam was
to hold elections in 1956.
The Warren Commission investigation of the assassination of President John Kennedy concluded
Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin of Kennedy
In Vietnam, the American military "attrition" strategy
None of these answers is correct
Robert Kennedy's assassin had apparently been angered by Kennedy's
statements in favor of Israel
The correct chronological order of the following events is
Bay of Pigs, Vienna summit, Berlin Wall, Cuban missile crisis
The 1965 civil rights march in Selma, Alabama, involved all of the following EXCEPT the
resignation of Governor George Wallace
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
gave President Lyndon Johnson wide latitude to escalate the conflict
In the 1960s and 1970s, the agenda of the political left included
All these answers are correct
In 1972, two Washington Post reporters uncovered evidence linking the Watergate break-in to
All these answers are correct
In the late 1960s and early 1970s all of the following occurred due to American Indian activism, EXCEPT
Congress granting to reservations "independent nation" status within the United States.
As president, Jimmy Carter called for a foreign policy that stressed the importance of
human rights.
Stagflation" refers to
rising prices and a weak economy
The weakening of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s was encouraged by the Soviet policy of
glasnost and perestroika
The so-called Pentagon Papers
revealed the government had misled the public regarding the progress of the war.
In 1979, the United States responded to the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan by
imposing economic sanctions on the Soviet Union
In April 1970, the antiwar movement was recharged by
the U.S. invasion of Cambodia
During the 1980s, the American economy benefited from
All these answers are correct
The Environmental Protection Agency was created in ________ when ________ signed the National Environmental Protection Act into law.
1970; Richard Nixon
The 1969 "Stonewall Riot" is associated with the civil rights movement for
homosexuals.
Proposition 13 in California, in 1978, dealt with
property taxes
In the 1980s, record national budget deficits resulted from
All these answers are correct
In 1973, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
All these answers are correct.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
was amended for the benefit of women
In 1972, the Watergate scandal began with a break-in at the
offices of the Democratic National Committee
Rachel Carson's 1962 book Silent Spring helped launch the modern environmental movement by focusing on problems concerning
pesticides
In the late 1970s, members of the so-called Sagebrush Rebellion
portrayed the West as a victim of government control.
President Richard Nixon's visit to China in 1972
came after Taiwan was expelled from the United Nations
As part of his domestic agenda, President Richard Nixon
All these answers are correct
In 1972, the Equal Rights Amendment
All these answers are correct
In Engel v. Vitale (1962), the Supreme Court
ruled prayers in public schools were unconstitutional.
In the late 1970s, the "Christian right
were alarmed by many Supreme Court rulings
In 1971, President Richard Nixon believed an American withdrawal from Vietnam would
harm his own credibility of and that of the nation
In 1973, American Indian activists occupied the old Indian battle site of
Wounded Knee.
President Richard Nixon believed U.S. foreign policy should work toward
a balance of power among several major nations.
The killing of South Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers in the village of My Lai
None of these answers is correct
The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (1973)
was based on a new legal interpretation of privacy rights
In 1980, the "Sunbelt" region of the nation
All these answers are correct
Students for a Democratic Society was formed
primarily by college students from prestigious universities
Betty Friedan's 1963 book, The Feminine Mystique,
gave a voice to a reemerging women's rights movement
The country President Ronald Reagan described as an "evil empire" in the early 1980s was
the Soviet Union
The Reagan Doctrine of opposing communism
led the United States to intervene in several Latin American nations
In 1972, the United States' "Christmas bombing" of North Vietnam
saw the United States suffer, by far, its greatest loss of bombers in the war
In Miranda v. Arizona (1966), the Supreme Court
required authorities to inform a criminal suspect of his or her legal rights
In Bakke v. Board of Regents of California (1978), the Supreme Court
upheld the principle of affirmative action, with restrictions
The intent of President Richard Nixon's "Vietnamization" policy was to
have the South Vietnamese military do more of the fighting.
In 1986, the Reagan administration suffered a serious political scandal after the White House admitted it had
All these answers are correct
In 1972, the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty
froze the arsenals of some nuclear missiles at their current levels.
By 1973, there was mounting evidence that President Richard Nixon had
been part of the cover-up of the break-in
As president, Jimmy Carter gave much of his attention to
energy and the economy
The crisis of American hostages being held in Iran
lasted over one year.
"Earth Day" in 1970 was
an example of the popularization of environmentalism
Founded in 1968, the American Indian Movement (AIM
focused on militant action
Sandra Day O'Connor, the first female Supreme Court justice, was named to the court by
Ronald Reagan.
In 1983, the Reagan administration responded to a terrorist bombing of American military barracks in Beirut by
withdrawing the remaining Marines
All of the following foreign policy events occurred during the Carter administration EXCEPT the
ratification of a new SALT II arms agreement with the Soviet Union
In the late 1980s, challenges to communist rule were LEAST successful in
China
According to policies that came to be called the Nixon Doctrine, the United States would
assist in the development of friendly nations