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Unit 3 Test Review
Terms in this set (55)
Political action committees (PAC's) representing which of the following groups have increased in number most substantially since the mid-1970's?
Of the following, the most important role in the political socialization of children is played by
Which of the following is NOT a cor of a value of United States political culture?
Lobbyists try to influence legislators mainly through...
Providing legislations with information on technical issues.
Which of the following statements best describes the organization of the two major political parties in the United States?
Separate and largely independent party organizations exist at national, state, and local levels
Since the early 1980's, the Republican Party platform has been increasingly influenced by
Interest groups engage in all of the following activities EXCEPT
Using the franking privilege
Which of the following describes a consequence of the growing concentration of ownership of the news media?
There is increased similarity of network news coverage
Which of the following is true of political action committees (PACs)?
They make a campaign contribution to gain access to legislators.
One reason for the persistence of a two-party system in the United States is...
The single-member district electoral system
Which of the following statements about political parties and the United States Constitution is true?
The issues of political parties is not addressed in the Constitution
Which of the following best describes the concept of political efficacy?
It is the belief that one can make a difference in politics by expressing an opinion and acting politically.
Which of the following describes a fundamental difference between political parties and interest groups
Political parties represent broad arrays of issues, whereas interest groups are more likely to focus on a narrow set of issues.
The most common form of political activity undertaken by United States citizens is...
Voting in presidential elections
An interest group would likely have the greatest influence on policy matters involving...
Narrow issues, only a few interest groups, and technical information
An important change in political culture since 1950 is that United States citizens have become ...
Less trusting of governmental institutions and leaders
Which of the following best characterizes the influence of the news media on public opinion in the United States?
They affect what issues the public thinks are important
Which of the following is a correct statement about political action committees (PACs)?
The amount of money the PAC's can contribute directly to an individual candidate is limited by law.
Which of the following factors best accounts for the rise of interest groups and the decline of political parties in recent years?
Interest groups are better able to articulate specific policy position than are political parties.
Which of the following is true about divided party control of the presidency and Congress...
It reflects a frequent election pattern over the past three decades.
The primary reason for the current existence of only two major political parties in the United States is that...
A winner-take-all electoral system makes it difficult for new parties to emerge and survive.
Which of the following is an accurate statement that could be used to refute the argument that a realignment took place in the 1980's?
Although the Republicans had success in national elections, they did not attract members of traditionally Democratic groups.
Political socialization is the process by which...
Political values are passed to the next generation
Interest groups and political parties both promote the United States democracy by...
Linking citizens to the political process
The primary function of policies action committees (PAC's) is to...
Raise campaign funds to support favored candidates
Which of the following is the most accurate statement about political parties in the United States...
The percentage of voters identifying themselves as either Democrats or Republican has been declining since the 1970's.
A corporate lobbyist would be least likely to have an informal discussion about a pending policy matter with which of the following?
A federal judge in whose court a case important to the corporation is being heard.
The supremacy clause of the Constitution states that...
Federal law takes precedence over state law when the laws conflict
Of the following, the most significant difference between the Constitution of the 1787 and the Articles of Confederation was that the Constitution...
Provided for a strong national government with many powers, while the Articles created a weak central government with few independent powers
The development and persistence of the two-party system in the United States is best accounted for by...
Single-member legislative districts
The media's effect on public opinion can best be described as...
Influencing which issues the public sees as important
Children are most likely to adopt the party identification...
Of their parents
Interest groups use political action committees (PACs) to...
Raise and spend money on election campaigns
Which of the following is most important for getting an accurate measure of public opinion in a survey?
Selecting a random sample
Interest groups are protected under the Constitution by the...
Which of the following is the main reason interest groups are often successful in getting legislation passed to benefit their members?
A narrow constituency derives the benefits from such legislation by the costs are spread broadly across the population
Which of the following concepts refers to the beliefs about government and politics that people in the United States hold most deeply?
Which of the following groups would be most likely to support a constitutional amendment banning all abortions?
The term "party machine" usually refers to a...
Local party organization that is tightly disciplined and well staffed and relies on patronage to create party loyalty
When a child's parents both identify strongly with the same political party, the child will most likely...
Identify with the parent's party
Which of the following demographic groups have voted most consistently for the Democratic Party in national elections over the last three decades?
The free rider problem occurs when...
People benefit from the interest group's efforts without making any contribution
A major difference between political parties and interest groups that...
Political parties seek to gain control of government, while interest groups seek to influence public policy
All of the following are tactics used by interest groups to influence the political process EXCEPT...
Keeping all lobbying records confidential
Which of the following is considered to be the most immune from the pressures of public opinion?
Which of the following best describes political socialization?
The process by which people acquire their attitudes toward politics.
Which of the following best summarizes the concept of dealignment?
People are increasingly detached from political parties.
In scientific public-opinion polling, which of the following is true of random sampling?
Each individual has an equal chance of being selected.
Party identification in the United States is most successfully transmitted by which of the following?
The agenda-setting function of the media refers to the power to...
Decide which issues are important enough to bring to public attention
The most widely performed art of political participation in the United States is...
Voting in presidential elections
One of the best strategies that interest groups can use to achieve their goals is...
Lobbying members of Congress to make small changes in existing policy
All of the following are examples of a linkage institution influencing the policy EXCEPT...
The president delivering the State of the Union speech
Since the 1960s, support for the Democratic Party has declined the most among which of the following groups?
Which of the following is LEAST characteristic of the history of political parties in the United States during the twentieth century?
The splitting of the two major parties into a multiparty system
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