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30 terms

The Early Middle Ages word search

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The Dark Ages
name given to the Early Middle Ages because learning and civilizations declined
tithe
a tax assessed by the Church
knights
armored warriors who fought on horseback
Charlemagne
king of the Franks from 768 to 814, "the Great"
investiture
the feudal ceremony in which a vassal received land from a lord
abbot
the leader of a monastery
chivalry
the code of conduct developed by feudal nobles
Eric the Red
Viking explorer who discovered and named Greenland
fief
a piece of land given to a vassal by a lord
Pepin
the first king ever to be anointed by a pope, "the Short"
nuns
women who lived in convents and devoted their lives to prayer
Verdun
treaty that divided Charlemagne's empire into three kingdoms
toll
a charge to cross a vassal's land or bridge
Vinland
Viking name for Newfoundland
pope
the head of the Catholic Church
monasteries
communities in which groups of Christian men gave up all their private possessions and lived very simply, devoting their lives to worship and prayer
manor
a lord's estate, from which his family gained its livelihood
Vikings
invaders of Europe from Scandinavia
Charles Martel
Frankish leader who defeated the Muslims in Spain at the Battle of Tours in 732
feudalism
a political and military system based on the holding of land
Leo
pope who crowned Charlemagne "Emperor of the Romans" in 800
Benedict
monk who established a strict set of rules for monastic life
serfs
peasants bound to a manor
illumination
decorating the first letter of a paragraph and the margins of a paper with brilliant designs
Romance
languages that evolved from Latin
monks
men who lived in monasteries
Leif Ericson
Viking exploreer who reached America in the year 1000
vassal
a person who received land from a lord
Scholastica
Benedict's sister who established the rules for convents
Normandy
part of northern France conquered by the Vikings in 911, from the French word meaning "men from the north"