Abnormal Psychology - Personality Disorders
Terms in this set (53)
Grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathy
Disregard for/violation of the rights of others
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism and control
excessive emotionality and attention seeking
Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative evaluation
Patterns of acute discomfort in close relationships, cognitive/perceptual distortions, and eccentric behaviors.
Distrust and suspiciousness so much that others actions seem malevolent.
Submissive and clinging behavior related to an excessive need to be taken care of.
Detachment of social relationships and a restricted range of emotional expression.
Instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image, and marked impulsivity.
The field of study that focuses on unusual or irregular emotion, thought & behavior, commonly in relation to mental illness.
Behavior that departs from the norm & harms the individual.
How the brain influences emotion and behavior.
How evolution influences emotion and behavior.
How the unconscious and early childhood experiences affect personality.
How we learn to respond certain ways.
How we think affects how we think and feel.
Different cultures have different definitions of abnormality.
The ability to look for flaws in arguments & resist claims that lack evidence.
No judgements, true understanding, not imposing your own beliefs on them.
The executive mediator
Your guilt and morality
Advantages of DSM
Designation of specific diagnostic criteria.
Disadvantages of DSM
Disagreement on certain symptoms, doesn't measure on a scale, reliance on medical model.
Multiple evaluators use the same system and arrive at the same diagnosis.
any objective evidence of a disorder. (ie: crying)
and subjective evidence of a disorder. (ie: "I am sad.")
a collection of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated.
Criteria for determining abnormality
Unusualness, Dangerousness, Significant personal distress, Social deviance, Faulty perceptions, Maladaptive or self-defeating behavior.
Clinician doesn't follow a standard format.
Clinician follows a general question outline.
Clinician follows a preset series of questions in a particular order.
A change in behavior resulting in durable knowledge.
Setting rules but explain reasoning behind them. (ie: "If you clean your room, you will be able to find what you're looking for.")
Demanding rules. (ie: "Because I said so!")
Submitting to your child's desires.
The 3 D's
Deviant (outside of the norm), Distress (physical/emotional/mental registering of discomfort), Dysfunctional (interfering with social/occupational/everyday life. It's not a problem until it's a problem).
Diathesis Stress Model
Abnormal behavior arises from interaction of a vulnerability or predisposition & stressful life events or experiences.
The governing principle of the ID involving demands for immediate gratification of needs.
The governing principle of the EGO, involving considerations of social acceptability and practicality.
The reality distorting strategy used by the ego to shield self from awareness of anxiety-provoking impulses. Occurs unconsciously.
Involves the return of behavior associated with an earlier stage of psychological development.
Underlies all defense mechanisms. Disguises threatening impulses and keeps them from reaching consciousness.
The Ego unconsciously makes unacceptable impulses look like their opposites. (ie: "I hate him" -> "I love him").
Disguises threatening impulses by attributing them to others.
Self-justifying explanations to hide the real reason for our actions.
What personality disorder is most likely to stay in an abusive relationship?
Who are more likely to be diagnosed with BPD or HPD?
"Weird" = Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal
"Wild" = Antisocial, Histrionic, Borderline, Narcissistic
"Worried" = Avoidant, Dependent, OCPD
A person's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling & acting.