Honors US History Unit 2 Vocabulary

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Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
Land Ordinance of 1785
law which designed a system for managing and settling lands in the Northwest Territory
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
a plan for dividing the Northwest Territory
Shays Rebellion
The uprising of farmers to protest high taxes and heavy debt
US Constitution
Supreme law of the United States
Great Compromise
offered a two-house Congress to satisfy both small and big states
Separation of powers
principle by which the powers of government are divided among separate branches
Checks and Balances
a system that balances the distribution of power in a government
Limited Government
Government with limited powers strictly defined by law
Three-fifths compromise
each slave was counted as 3/5 of a person for calculating a states total population
Federalist Papers
a series of essays written to defend the Constitution
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Alexander Hamilton
Secretary of the treasury
Democratic-Republicans
favored a weaker less active federal government
Popular Sovereignty
the idea that the government's authority comes from the people
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
George Washington
1st President and Commander of the Continental Army
Presidential Cabinet
group of officials who head government departments and advise the president
Whiskey Rebellion
farmers lashed out against the tax on whiskey
John Adams
Second president of the United States
XYZ Affair
A 1797 incident in which French officials demanded a bribe from U.S. diplomats
Judicial Review
the right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the Constitution
Political Parties
Organizations that seek to achieve power by winning public office
Federalists
those who favor a stronger national government