71 terms

BIO- 163; FINAL, part 5

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False
T or F. The clitoris of the female reproductive system responds to the scrotum of the male reproductive system in functin
larynx
vocal cords are housed in
a.larynx
b. trachea
c. pharynx
d. oral cavity
True
T or F. Meiosis is the type of nuclear division that results in a reduction of genetic material in the daughter cells
False
T or F. The nephron consists of a renal corpuscles and renal pyramid
False
T or F.Pancreatic juice contains high amounts of trypsin which helps to neutralize the acid chyme entering the small intestine
False
T or F. As sodium is reabsorbed during tubular reabsportation, hydrogen ions follow by osmosis
digestion
mechanical and chemical breakdown of foods so that nutrients can be absorbed by the cell body
tubular secretion
The step in urine formation that moves chemicals from the pertubular capillaries into the renal tubules for elimination
respiration
the entire process of exchanging gases between the atmosphere and body cells
peristalsis
the propelling movement caused by waves of muscular contractions of certain organs of the alimentary canal
testis
primary gonad for the male reproductive system
ovary
primary gonad for the female reproductive system
infundibulum
the funnel shaped portion of the uterus surrounding the ovary
nephron
functional units of the kidney
villi
tiny fingerlike projections that greatly increase the surface area available for absorption and aid in mixing actions within the small intestine
both a and b
the trigone includes which of these
a. urethral opening into the urinary bladder
b. ureter openings into the urinary bladder
c. both a and b
d. none of the above
true
by converting carbon dioxide into bicarbonate ions in the blood the body can safely transport metabolic wastes to the lungs and cut down the acidity of blood to maintain homeostasis
true
renal arteries eventually branch into efferent arterioles that will send blood to the nephrons of the kidneys
bicarbonate ions
pancreatic juice contains
urethra
the structure that conveys the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
a. urethra
b. ureters
c. rectum
d. anus
all of the above
functions of the saliva
a. moisten food
b. clense teeth and mouth
c. begin carbohydrate digestion
d. all of the above
myometrium
Wall of the uterus include which of the following structures
a. myometrium
b. perimysium
c. endoneureum
d. all of the above
ventilation
The movement of air in and out of lungs (inspirartion and expirations)
a. ventilation
b. gases exchange
c. respirations
d. none of the above
peristaltic waves
main forces that move urine through the ureters and into the urinary bladder
a. peristaltic waves
b. gravitational tube
c. segmentation
d. none of the above
both a and b
The components of the respiratory center that regulate breathing
a. dorsal respiratory group of the medulla oblongata
b. the pneumotaxic area of the pons
c. both and a and b
d. none of the above
False
T or F. Bolus is the semi-fluid mass of partially digested food that is formed after the mixing action of the stomach
True
T or F. Factors that affect breathing include the inflation reflex and excercise
false
T or F.The kupffer cell function to produce and secrete bile
afferent arteriole
If the ________constricts then the filtration rate will decrease
antidiuretic hormone
hormone that will regulate water balance by controlling the permeability of the distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts
filtration pressure
pressure that determines the direction of the filtration. Typically, there will be an outward filtration of the glomerulus.
urea
by product of amino acid metabolism
active transport
glucose and sodium ions are reabsorbed via_______.
glomerlular capsule
portion of the blood that is filtered by the glomerulus
pinocytosis
complete proteins are reabsorbed via ______.
hydrostatic pressure of plasma
In order to have an outward filtration, the _____will go against the combined forces of the osmotic pressure of the blood and hydrostatic pressure within the glomerular capsule
uric acid
By product of nucleic acid metabolism
aldosterone
hormone that will conserve sodium and inturn release potassium into urine
false
T or F. the distal convoluted tubule is the coiled portion of the glomerulus that carries filtrate toward collecting duct
True
T or F.Feces are composed of undigested material, water, electrolytes, mucus and bacteria.
...
Which of the following is not true about haploid cells
a. oocyte
b. one set of chromosomes
c. created during meiosis
d. none of the above
False
T or F. the aveoli of the lungs are just one of the many sites within the body that conduct gas exchange between the atmosphere and the blood.
bound to hemoglobin
oxygen may be carried by which of the following means
a. in solution (in blood plasma)
b. as carboxyl ions
c. bound to hemoglobin
d. none of the above
True
T or F. fatty acids are transported in the lacterals of the villi and are reconstructed into chylomicrons to be distributed to other parts of the body
False
The transportation of gases across the respiratory membrane depends on active transport
micturation reflex
Which of the following actions causes the detrusor muscle to contract rythmically to bring the need to miticulate to the conscience decision
a. defecation reflex
b. micturation reflex
c. excretion reflex
d. peristalsis reflex
False
T or F. Testosterone is the main male hormone that is secreted by the spermatogonia to stimulate spermatogenesis.
False
The alimentary canal begins at the mouth and ends at the small intestine
False
T or F. The stomach absorbs only small quantities of water, salts, alcohol and some lipid soluable drugs
...
Kidney functions
a. removes wastes from the blood
b. regulates chemistry of the blood
c. both a and b
d. none of the above
True
T or F. The kidney functions to remove metabollic wastes and particulary nitrogen- carrying wastes
Serosa
The wall of the alimentary canal consists of which of the following.
a. Interna
b. Externa
c. Serosa
d. Medulla
filtration pressure
factors that affect the glomerular filtration rate
...
microorganisms and particles trapped in the mucous within the nasal cavity are likely to be destroyed by
a. toxins in the mucous
b. gastric juices of the stomach
c. microphages of the liver
false
T or F . the secretions from the prostrate gland include alkaline fluid, fructose and prostoglandins
spermatagonia
T or F. Spermatogenesis will produce sperm cells from which of the following stem cells.
a. spermatid
b. spermatagonia
c. secondary spermocyte
d. none of the above
gastrin
secreted by the stomach that increases the secreatory activity of the gastric glands
cholesystokinin
secreted by the small intestine, decreases gastric glands, stimulates pancreatic fluid into the small intestine when food enters the small intestine, stimulates the gallbladder to produce bile
secretin
secreted by the small intestine; stimulates the extra release of pancreatic juice when acidic chyme enters the small intestine
all of the above
liver functions
a. produce bile
b. stores compounds and substances
c. filters the blood
d. all of the above
true
T of F. The juxtoglomerula apparatus is made up the macula densa and the juxtoglomerlar cells
semiferous tubule
site of spermatogenisis
a. prostrate gland
b. epididymus
c. seminal vesicle
d. semiferous tubule
parietal cells
The secretory cells of the gastric glands that secrete hydrochoric acid
a. serous cells
b. parietal cells
c. somatic cells
d. mucous cells
movement of chyme slowly from the stomach to the small intestine
What is the function of the enterogastric reflex
a. mixing saliva with food to form bolus
b. periastalsis moves food from the espophagus to the stomach
c. movement of chyme slowly from the stomach to the small intestine
false
uric acid is a by product of amino acid metabolism
labia majora
structure that closes and protects female reproductive organs
a. clitoris
b. labia majora
c. labia minora
d. none of the above
absorb electrolytes
large intestine function(s)
a. absorb electrolyte
b. major site for nutrient absorbtion
c. start carbohydrate digestion
d. start protein digestion
false
LH is the hormone that promotes uterine changes
bolus
food mixed with saliva
chyme
food mixed with gastric juices
bulbourethral gland
the vestibular gland corresponds to which of the following in the male reproductive system
a. bulbourethral gland
b. seminal vesicle
c. glans penis
d. prostrate gland
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