How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

84 terms

med terms

STUDY
PLAY
pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs
epiglottis
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the larynx
phon/o
voice
atelectasis
collapsed lung
cilia
thin hairs attached to the mucous membranes
tuberculosis
an infecious disease caused by a bacilus and treated with INH
tel/o
complete
auscultation
listening to sounds within the body
emphysema
air is trapped in lungs, and bronchioles are plugged with mucus; a type of COPD
inhalation/inspiration
breathing in
bronchioles
smallest branches of the bronchi
pneumomia
acute inflammation and infection of the lung cause by bacteria (pneumococci) viruses, or fungi
diaphragm
muscle separating the chest and abdomen
adnoids
collection of lymph tissue in the nasepharynx
windpipe
trachea
endotracheal intubation
tube is placed through the mouth to the trachea to establish an airway
tuberculin test
PPD
COPD
airway obstruction asociated with emphysema and chronic bronchitis
bronchoscopy
an endoscopic examination
hypercapnia
high carbon dioxide levels in the blood
carbon dioxide
gas produced by cells and exhaled through the lungs
lobes
divisions of the lungs
parenchyma
the essential cells of the lung; performing its main function are the pulmonary _____
inspiration
breathing in air
hypercapnia
excessive carbon dioxide in the blood
hemoptysis
spitting up blood
dysphonia
hoarseness; voice impairment
orthopnea
breathing is possible only in an upright position
epistaxis
nosebleed
bronchi
branches of the windpipe that lead into the lungs
mediastinum
the region between the lungs in the chest cavity
palatine tonsils
collection of lymph tissue in the oropharynx
alveoli
air sacs in the lung
parietal pleura
the outer fold of pleura lying closest to the ribs
cilia
thin hairs attached to the mucous membrane lining the respiratory tract
larynx
voicebox
hilum
middle region where bronchi, blood vessels, and nerves enter and exit lungs
paranasal sinuses
air-containing cavities in the bones around the nose
epiglottis
lid-like piece of cartilage that covers the voice box
emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with distruction of alveolar walls
chronic bronchitis
inflammation of tubes leading from the trachea (over a long period of time)
asthma
spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstrucion
atelectasis
lung or portion of a lung is collapsed
bronchogenic carcinoma
malignant neoplasm originating in a bronchus
pertusis
whooping cough; bacterial infection of the pharynx
cystic fibrosis
ingerited disease of exocrine glands leading to airway obstruction
asbestosis
type of pneumoconiosis; dust particles are inhaled
endotracheal intubation
tube is placed through the mouth into the trachea to establish an airway
lung scan (V/Q)
radioactive material is injected or inhaled and images are recorded
pulmonary angiography
after contrast is injected into blood vessels of the lungs, x-rays are taken
tracheostomy
opening into the trachea through the neck to establish airway
thorocentesis
chest wall is punctured with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural space
bronchioalveolar lavage
fluid is injected into the bronchi and then removed for examination
bronchiectasis
dilation of a bronchi
anosmia
lack of sense of smell
phrenic
pertaining to the diaphragm
pneumothorax
collection of air in the pleural space
purulent
pus-filled
rales
abnormal crackling sounds during inhalation
auscultation
listening with a stethoscope
pulmonary infarction
dead tissue in the lung
adnoid hypertrophy
enlargement of adnoids
tachypnea
rapid breathing
pleurodynia
pain in the chest wall
pulmonary embolism
a blood clot that suddenly blocks a vessel in the lung
pulmonary edema
swelling, or collection of fluid iun the lungs
pulmomary abcess
collection of pus in the lungs
COPD
Cronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
PFT
Pulmonary Function Test
URI
Upper Respiratory Infection
bronchi
branches of the windpipe that lead to the lungs
apex
upper-most portion of the lungs
mediastinum
space between the lungs and the chest
pharyngeal tonsils
another name for adnoids
laryngectomy
correct spelling for removal of the voicebox
phren/o
diaphragm
hypoxia
decreased oxygen in the blood
percussion
sharp, short blows to the surface of the chest
pertussis
"P" means in DPT
what is croup
accute respiratory syndrome in children that is marked by obstruction of the larynx and stridor, (barking cough)
dyspnea
difficult breathing
signs and symtoms of asthma
dyspnea, wheezing, coughing
sputum
material that is expelled from the lungs
hemoptysis
spitting of blood from the lungs