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World Civ I The Americas
Prentice Hall Chapter 6 (pp 184-209)
Terms in this set (44)
Aztec feathered serpent deity, who vowed to return one day
Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui
a skilled warrior and leader, proclaimed himself Sapa Inca, or emperor
ancient Mayan god of wind and storm
This early civilization included Mexico and Central America and it was based on sedentary agriculture and the cultivation of corn and food production.
land bridge (Beringia)
The first people who migrated to North America came by way of a land bridge across the present-day Bering Strait
An early form of corn grown by Native Americans
(1400 B.C.E. to 500 B.C.E.) earliest known Mexican civilization,lived in rainforests along the Gulf of Mexico, developed calendar and constructed public buildings and temples, carried on trade with other groups.
Mesoamerican civilization concentrated in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula and in Guatemala and Honduras but never unified into a single empire. Major contributions were in mathematics, astronomy, and development of the calendar.
the most important Maya political center between the 4th-9th centuries. It was a city that had temples, pyramids, palaces, and public buildings.
in the Maya region, an upright stone monument on which a ruler's image and family history are recorded
Valley of Mexico
valley in Mexico in which the numerous Mesoamerican civilizations, including the Aztecs, arose
(1200-1521) 1300, they settled in the valley of Mexico. Grew corn. Engaged in frequent warfare to conquer others of the region. Worshipped many gods (polytheistic). Believed the sun god needed human blood to continue his journeys across the sky. Practiced human sacrifices and those sacrificed were captured warriors from other tribes and those who volunteered for the honor.
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins. (p. 305)
goods or money paid by conquered peoples to their conquerors
first major metropolis in Mesoamerica, collapsed around 800 CE. It is most remembered for the gigantic "pyramid of the sun".
the largest mountain range in the world; home of the Chavin and Inca civilizations.
The first major urban civilization in South America (900-250 B.C.E.). Its capital was located high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. Chavin became politically and economically dominant in a densely populated region.
Civilization of north coast of Peru (200-700 C.E.). An important Andean civilization that built extensive irrigation networks as well as impressive urban centers dominated by brick temples. (p. 313)
a brick or building material made of sun-dried earth and straw
a civilization of southern coastal Peru, it became famous for its underground irrigation channels and its gigantic and mysterious lines in the desert in the form of monkeys, birds, spiders, and other designs
a city that controlled much of Peru's mountain and coastal areas
A culture that thrived in south america
Largest Empire ever built in South America; territory extended 2,500 miles from north to south and embraced almost all of modern Peru, most of Ecuador, much of Bolivia, and parts of Chile and Argentina; maintained effective control from the early 15th century until the coming of Europeans in the early 16th century. As the most powerful people of Andean America, the Inca dominated Andean society until the coming of Europeans; spoke Quechua language.
The emperor of the Incan Empire. People believed that he was descended from the sun god.
The capital city of the Incan Empire, Located in present-day Peru
knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep financial records
the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
extended family group, community cooperation system used by the Incas.
Famous fortress city high in the Andes Mountains (provides us with great examples of Inca building skills). The ruins of the city were rediscovered in 1911
Incan sun god
Native Ameriacans who lived in the Southwest from about 300 B.C. to A.D. 1300s and used irragation to bring water to the crops
large cliff dwelling in Colorado,holds several thousand people,dwellings were easy to defend,offered protection-provided a safe place for Anasazi
Anasazi homes made of stone, timber, and adobe bricks
An Anasazi villiage that flourished from 950 to 1300 AD, now in ruins located in what is now northwestern New Mexico
Large underground chamber used by the Anasazi for religious ceremonies.
sculptural forms made of materials such as earth, rocks, and sometimes plants
Were a Chalcolithic (copper age) mound-building Native American culture that flourished in the Midwestern, Eastern, and Southeastern United States from approximately 800 to 1500 A.D., varying regionally.
an ancient settlement of southern Indians, located near present day St. Louis, it served as a trading center for 40,000 at its peak in A.D. 1200.
a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia)
Native Americans who lived in the northwest; fished whale and salmon; totem poles; lived in longhouses; trees were a resource
wooden post carved with animals or other images; often made by Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest to honor ancestors or special events
on the northwest coast of north america, a ceremonial event in which a village chief publicly gives away stockpiled food and other goods that signify wealth
a league of Iroquois tribes including originally the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca (the Five Nations)
Iroquois game that resulted in modern day Lacrosse