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30 terms

J1 Climate study guide

8th grade Mrs. Astro's class
STUDY
PLAY
what moderates temperature and increases rainfall
oceans
name three potential results of climate change
sea level change, global warming, crop decrease
the curving of the paths of ocean currents and winds due to earth's rotation is called
coriolis effect
acid precipitation forms as a result of what
burning of fossil fuels
the water for geothermal power p;ants is heated by what
heated rock, magma
deep currents are caused by what
difference in density
what continues to absorb solar energy and increase in temperature as long as the sun's rays hit it
land
fossil fuels consist mainly of
hydocarbons
what causes gyres to form
coriolis effect
name 3 ways to help reduce CO2 levels in the atmosphere
use public transportation, drive a hybrid car, recycle
a cause of sinkholes is
subsurface mining
what do scientists predict about world freshwater resources
there will be a shortage in 2025
what happens during nuclear fission
nucleous splits into 2 nucile
name 3 factors that control the movement of surface currents
winds, earths rotation, location of the continents
the energy source in which a dam plays a key role is called what
hydroelectric energy
one characteristic of the antarctic bottom water is
high density
the swift, warm current that flows northeastward along the east coast of the united states is called what
gulf stream
specific heat is the amount of energy needed to change the temperature of 1 g of substance by
1 degree C
scientists hope to build a nuclear fusion reactor fueled by what
ocean water
two major factors used to identify climate are
temperature and precipitation
name 3 impacts of climate change
sea level changes, global warming, change in precipitation
in order to generate electricity, a nuclear reactor converts water to what
vapor
what affects the angle at which the sun's rays hit earth
latitude
why is called a tsunami a tidal wave is misleading
tsunami's aren't a caused by tides
an energy source that heats fuel rod to create steam for electric generators is what
nuclear fission
the major cause of tides is the what
gravitational pull of the moon on earth and its waters
the pavement and building in cities affect the local climate by doing what
increasing themtemp
scientists predict that worldwide coal reserves will last how many years
200
the process by which the atmosphere slows earths loss of heat to space is called what
green house effect
many marine plankton do not reproduce above certain temperatures. based on this information, what might happen if the temperature of the ocean increased
marine food webs(??) will collapse