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34 terms

Frog Structure & Function Review

frog dissection
STUDY
PLAY
vomerine teeth
teeth for holding prey
maxillary teeth
teeth for holding prey
internal nares
opening for intake of air
tongue
attached in front, retrieves food to back of mouth
eustachian tube
openings leading to tympanic membrane, perceive sound, equalize pressure
glottis
opening at back of mouth, leads to trachea then lungs
gullet
large opening at back of mouth leading from the mouth to the stomach
esophagus
tube like structure leading from the mouth to the stomach
tympanic membrane
round structure behind the eyes, perceives sound
nictitating membrane
covering over the eye
external nares
opening on outside of frog for intake of air
stomach (digestive)
breaks down food
small intestine (digestive)
continued digestion and absorption of nutrients
liver (digestive)
produces bile for break down of fats, storage of glucose, detoxifies
duodenum & pyloric valve
first part of small intestine
gallbladder (digestive)
storage of bile
cloaca (D,R,E)
a chamber that opens to the outside of the body that waste and reproductive cells pass though as they exit the body
pancreas (digestive)
produces hormones and digestive enzymes
mesentery (integumentary)
holds internal organs in place
large intestine (digestive)
reabsorption of water into bloodstream
spleen (lymphatic/immune)
stores, produces, and removes RBC's from blood
oviducts (reproductive)
transports eggs to cloaca
fat bodies
stored fat utilized during periods of metamorphosis or hibernation
kidney (excretory)
filters waste and toxins from the blood
urinary bladder (excretory)
stores liquid waste produced by the kidneys
lung (respiratory)
allows exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide
ventricle (circulatory)
lower pumping chamber of the heart
atrium (circulatory)
upper receiving chamber of heart
gastrocnemius (muscular)
calf muscle used in swimming and jumping
bone (skeletal)
support
achilles tendon
band of connective tissue that connects calf muscle to bone
stomach lining
many folds allow expansion during feeding and increase surface area for greater chemical digestion
eggs (reproductive)
female gametes
testes (reproductive)
male gonads