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32 terms

[Humanities] Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism Alt. 1

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When was Confucius born and when did he live?
551 B.C., lived when the Zhou Dynasty was being torn apart by warlords
What was he appointed and by whom?
He was appointed Minister of Justice by the Duke of Lu
What was his book called?
The Analects
Who was Confucius
Mencius went around and spread his word
What were the 5 basic relationships?
Ruler and subject, Husband and wife, Older brother and younger brother, Father and Son, and Friend and Friend
Filial Piety
a practice for children that consisted of respect for their parents and elders.
Bureaucracy
a trained civil service, or those who ran the government
Who founded Daoism and when did he live?
Laozi, during 6th century B.C.
Daodejing
a collection of Daoist wisdom attributed to Laozi
Dao
the central idea of Daoism also called "The Way"
Yin-Yang
represents unity and harmony
Yin
represents dark, cool, receptive, feminine characteristics
Yang
represents light, hot, assertive, masculine characteristics
Wu-Wei
acting by not acting (Problems solve themselves)
Ideas of Daoism
governmental institutions are useless, People, when they compete, eventually fight, Interdependence between humans and nature, the only thing that can't die is the "Dao" Action causes problems
Daoist Landscape Art
Nothing emphasized, Harmonious life, No vanishing point-2D, Water is flowing like life, Humans and nature are unified, Nature is grandest force in comparison to humans, No footprints in snow, humans shouldn't leave traces just blend in
Legalism
an ethical system that believed a highly effective and powerful government was the key to restoring order
Ideas of Legalism
thought punishment was useful to maintain social order, and that thinkers and their ideas should be controlled by the government.
Founders of Legalism
Hanfeizi and Li Su
Shi Huangdi
Shi Huangdi was a Qin ruler of China
Positives of Shi Huandi's rule
attacked invaders and achieved many victories, which doubled China's size. Also made irrigation systems for farm production, and built roadways and standardized weights and measures and established currency.
Negatives of Shi Huangdi's rule
wanted to destroy warlord power, so he commanded all noble families to live where he could watch them. He murdered hundreds of Confucian scholars and burned books that disagreed with his ideas.
Why was the Great Wall of China built?
To close the gaps that the other walls had to keep out invaders
Who built the Great Wall of China?
Peasants built the wall because they were given a choice to build or die.
What happened to the builders of the Great Wall of China?
Many peasant builders died becase of winter winds and crushing labor.
Positives of Confucianism
-ethical, moral, idea of order, respect, education, room for progression, rulers were trained (obedience with people)
Negatives of Confucianism
Little respect for women, hierarchy, takes away power from upper class/dynasty, rulers and chosen each time, laws create wars
Positives of Daoism
respect for both genders, nonviolent, good for the environment, experience based on perspective-better understanding of the world, problems don't escalate, harmony with opposites, less conflict
Negatives of Daoism
interdependent, hinders advancement in technology, no governmental power, no laws-not doing any good with perspective
Positives of Legalism
Effective, social order, powerful, united citizens, promotes efficient work, does not question ruling, fear is effective
Negatives of Legalism
Hinders new thinking, promotes rebellion, bad for people, no freedoms, bad for education, laws create wars
I Ching
a book of oracles that answers ethical or proactical problems. It helped people with little interest in these philosophical debates.