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When was Confucius born and when did he live?

551 B.C., lived when the Zhou Dynasty was being torn apart by warlords

What was he appointed and by whom?

He was appointed Minister of Justice by the Duke of Lu

What was his book called?

The Analects

Who was Confucius

Mencius went around and spread his word

What were the 5 basic relationships?

Ruler and subject, Husband and wife, Older brother and younger brother, Father and Son, and Friend and Friend

Filial Piety

a practice for children that consisted of respect for their parents and elders.


a trained civil service, or those who ran the government

Who founded Daoism and when did he live?

Laozi, during 6th century B.C.


a collection of Daoist wisdom attributed to Laozi


the central idea of Daoism also called "The Way"


represents unity and harmony


represents dark, cool, receptive, feminine characteristics


represents light, hot, assertive, masculine characteristics


acting by not acting (Problems solve themselves)

Ideas of Daoism

governmental institutions are useless, People, when they compete, eventually fight, Interdependence between humans and nature, the only thing that can't die is the "Dao" Action causes problems

Daoist Landscape Art

Nothing emphasized, Harmonious life, No vanishing point-2D, Water is flowing like life, Humans and nature are unified, Nature is grandest force in comparison to humans, No footprints in snow, humans shouldn't leave traces just blend in


an ethical system that believed a highly effective and powerful government was the key to restoring order

Ideas of Legalism

thought punishment was useful to maintain social order, and that thinkers and their ideas should be controlled by the government.

Founders of Legalism

Hanfeizi and Li Su

Shi Huangdi

Shi Huangdi was a Qin ruler of China

Positives of Shi Huandi's rule

attacked invaders and achieved many victories, which doubled China's size. Also made irrigation systems for farm production, and built roadways and standardized weights and measures and established currency.

Negatives of Shi Huangdi's rule

wanted to destroy warlord power, so he commanded all noble families to live where he could watch them. He murdered hundreds of Confucian scholars and burned books that disagreed with his ideas.

Why was the Great Wall of China built?

To close the gaps that the other walls had to keep out invaders

Who built the Great Wall of China?

Peasants built the wall because they were given a choice to build or die.

What happened to the builders of the Great Wall of China?

Many peasant builders died becase of winter winds and crushing labor.

Positives of Confucianism

-ethical, moral, idea of order, respect, education, room for progression, rulers were trained (obedience with people)

Negatives of Confucianism

Little respect for women, hierarchy, takes away power from upper class/dynasty, rulers and chosen each time, laws create wars

Positives of Daoism

respect for both genders, nonviolent, good for the environment, experience based on perspective-better understanding of the world, problems don't escalate, harmony with opposites, less conflict

Negatives of Daoism

interdependent, hinders advancement in technology, no governmental power, no laws-not doing any good with perspective

Positives of Legalism

Effective, social order, powerful, united citizens, promotes efficient work, does not question ruling, fear is effective

Negatives of Legalism

Hinders new thinking, promotes rebellion, bad for people, no freedoms, bad for education, laws create wars

I Ching

a book of oracles that answers ethical or proactical problems. It helped people with little interest in these philosophical debates.

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