Ch. 5 Greece
Terms in this set (23)
Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea
Two important seas to ancient Greece were the _____________ and the ______________.
2000 B.C. , 1400 B.C.
The Mycenaeans controlled Greece from about ____________________ B.C. to ______________B.C.
The poet Homer wrote two epics about the Age of Kings. One of these epics was the __________ detailing the Trojan war.
Xersex , Salamis
The persians, led by _____________, destroyed the Athens and attempted to conquer all Greece, but were defeated in 479 B.C. at ____________, which ended the Persian wars.
The period of greatest power and prosperity for Athens was called the age of ___________.
At the top of the Acropolis in the Athens is the ____________, considered the finest example of Greek architecture.
An example of a Greek tradgedy is the play __________ written by Sophocles.
Lysistrata , Aristophanes
An example of a Greek comedy is the play ________ about the women of Athens during the Peloponnesian War, written by ________________.
Peloponnesian , Athens & Sparta
Economic and commercial rivalries amound Greek city-states were partially the cause of the ____________________ War. The war was between two major city-states _______________ and ________________.
Democratic Party , Macedonia
Demosthenes led the _____________ in opposition to Philip of __________________.
Antigonus, Ptolemy, Selecus
After the death of Alexander, his empire was divided into three main kingdoms of __________,____________&__________.
"I was a Greek ruler whose democratic reforms outlawed debt slavery and organized Athenians into social classes based on wealth"
"Pericles chose me to sculpt the Parthenon and the statue of Athena"
"I was the first great historian of the western world, and am often called the "Father of History"
"Greek leaders sentenced me to death because I criticized Greek officials and democracy"
"I was a Greek philosopher who described my concept of the ideal form of government in dialogue called The Republic"
Government in which all citizens participate
Greek work for city-state
Traditional story about the deeds of gods and goddesses.
Government ruled by a small group of landowning families
Ruler who seizes power by force
Agricultural laborers who were members of the lowest class in Sparta
A military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields