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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH VA NEAL New Deal
FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT YOU DID NOT NEED TO NAME EVERY SINGLE FREAKING THING YOU DID A DIFFERENT THING OH MY WORD WHY, FDR WHY. BRB CCC AAA FCC I CANNOT BELIEVE YOU DIDN'T REALIZE HOW THIS WOULD MAKE STUDYING THIS ERA A WORLD OF HURT. THANKS A LOT MAN.
Terms in this set (44)
Agricultural Adjustment Administration est. 1933. Government would tell farmers how much they should produce and would pay them for leaving some of their land idle. Farm income increased due to this act, however, it did tend to favor larger farmers. This was declared unconstitutional in 1936 by the Supreme court who ruled that the government had no right to tell farmers how much to produce
Civilian Conservatino Corps est. 1933. created camps in national parks and forests. Young unemployed men worked on projects such as planting trees and build reservoirs, developing parks, etc. This was clearly Roosevelt's favorite relief project, because the man, above all else, REALLY liked conservation.
Civil Works Administration est. 1933 Put more than 4 million people to work on temporary projects between Nov. 1933 and April 1934. Some of them were like constructing roads, schools, parks or the like. Other stuff was basically "busy-work"
Federal Communications Commission est 1934. It doesn't take a genius to figure this one out, it just means that the federal governemnt commissioned regulation of interstate communication by radio, telegraph, etc.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation est. 1933. under the Glass- Steagall Act, the government guarenteed all bank deposits up to $2,500. So, even if a bank should fail, small depositors would be able to recover their money
Federal Housing Administration est. 1934. Created as part of the National Housing Act of 1934. The government insured loans made by banks for the buying and construction of houses.
National Labor Relations Board 1934-1935. Established under the Wagner Act. Had the power to compel employers to recognize and bargain with unions. FDR wasn't entirely happy with the bill but didin't want to miss an opportunity to shove another acronym in our faces that we have to memorize so he signed it anyways.
National Youth Administration est. 1935 Provided work and scholarships assistance to high school and college age men and women.
Rural Electrification Administration est. 1935. Worked to make electric power available for the first time to thousands of farmers through utility cooperatives.
Securities and Exchange Commission est. 1934. Created to police the stock market.
Tennessee Valley Authority est 1933. Commission to completion of the Muscle Shoals dam on the Tennessee river in Alabama. Yes, you heard me right, the Tennessee Valley Authority was for Alabama. Gotta love America. The TVA was actually supposed to be an agent for the development of the entire region and encourage growth of the industries and help with reforestation.
Works Progress Administration est. 1935 Really widescale. responsible for building like 110,000 public buildings and half a million miles of road. Employed 2.1 million workers and pumped the cha-ching into the economy.
Period for march to June 1933 when Congress passed literally every piece of crap FDR handed them to help deal with the Depression. Not that the programs were bad or anything, the amount of acronyms just annoys me.
Unemplyed WWI veterans came to DC in 1932 to demand payment of the bonus Congress had voted to give them in 1922.The vets were forcibly removed from Anacostia Flats by federal troops under Douglas MacArthur, who is literally going to stick his nose in every little thing in WWII
Court Packing Proposal
Supreme Court declared certain piecces of New Deal legislation unconstitutional, and this really ticked FDR off and he suggested increasing the number of justices so he could get more of his crap done, If a judge didn't retire at 70, the President could appoint an additional judge, up to max of 6.
A reduction in available currency and credit that results in a decrease in the general price level
Shanty towns that the unemployed built in the cities during the early years of the Depression, the name given to them shows how people were ticked off at Hoover for their financial problems. Everyone picks on the Iowans
Term given by Gertrude Stein to describe American expatriate writers of the 1920s, including T. S. Eliot, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, and herself. Believed Deomcracy was flawed.
A moderate and temporary decline in the economy.
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Wrote the Great Gatsby, which was about the Jazz Age and was a member of the Lost Generation. The Great Gatsby is coming out as a movie in a couple of days, and let's hope that Leo DiCaprio gets an Oscar out of this one because it's at the point where I pity him.
Again, a member of the Lost Generation and mentor to Ernest Hemingway. She did some artsy crap but none of it is that important.
Wrote "The Sun also Rises" and "The Old Man and the Sea" Member of the Lost Generation.
Won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Works represented the era. Part of the Lost Generation
Man who completed the first solo transatlantic flight.
National Origins Act of 1924
Act that placed a quota on immigrants, clearly discriminating against those from Eastern and Central European Immigrants and basically excluded Asian Immigrants entirely, was in effect until 1960 ish.
Hawley- Smoot Tariff
It was a tax that raised import duties to protect American businesses and farmers. It was a strain on the already horrible economic climate of the Great Depression and ticked off some of the foreign nations that America traded with.
Under Coolidge WWI vets had received a promise of a bonus, yet at this point had not received it. The "Bonus Amry" marched upon Washington as a proposition was being voted on whether to push up the date of this bonus. The Bonus Bill did not pass.
This arranged for Germany's reparation payments after World War I. It laid out the amount that would be loaned to Germany and the approximate amount they would have to pay, and it was thought to generally work well.
Secretary of the Treasury. He helped lower the income tax post-war and this was seen as was fueled the economic prosperity of the 1920s. He helped the US lower their overall debt and helped organize foreign nations paying their war reparations to the US. However, in 1929 his popularity severely dropped (and guesses as to why?) and he became the Ambassador to England. He also really liked art.
Teapot dome scandal
Sold leases below their actual cost to private oil companies.
Group of politicians under Harding who were elected to high positions and then began committing a number of scandals, the leader was Harry Daughtery, the attorney general.
Rebirth of African American art and culture in New York
Prominent in the the Harlem Renaissance, was a poet and good one.
known as "Black Moses," he spoke about making a "new Negro" and set his movement in Harlem. He argued for separation of the races and actually approved of the KKK because they were trying to separate the races, just as he was. Basically every other prominent Black leader of the time hated his guts.
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
Was created to provide aid to railroads, financial institutions, and business corporations. Expanded later to include agriculture and public works. This was created under Hoover and gained more power under the New Deal
On March 6th, 1933, FDR declared a "bank holiday" and shut down all the banks, and they were only reopened if specific investigators deemed them able to serve as a capable bank.
Was one of FDR main advisers, this was the guy who pushed for the WPA, an organization that he directed. Loved the idea of vast federal programs to involve the unemployed.
Louisiana governor who believed that FDR wasn't doing enough for the poor, promotes "share the wealth" program. Wanted to heavily tax all income over 1 million dollars to give house/car/salary to all Americans.
Believed FDR wasn't doing enough. He wasn't taking on the powerful bankers. He used the radio to blast FDR and became known as the "Radio Priest"
Believed FDR wasn't doing enough for the elderly, proposed a 200 dollars pension monthly to give to everyone over 60. Good to boost economy and open jobs to younger citizens
Wrote the Grapes of Wrath which explored the plight of migrant farm workers during the Great Depression and aroused sympathy for them.
Social Security Act
Thought up by Townsend, this provided a 200 dollar check monthly pension to everyone over the age of 60.
She was the Secretary of Labor during FDR and the first woman appointed to a cabinet position. She served one of the longest terms of an FDR appointee, from 1933-45
Congress of Industrial Organizations. John Lewis was the president. organized successful strike on General motors in the "Sit Down Strike" More receptive to women an blacks than the AFL.
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