Cell Cycle Quiz Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
Chromosomes
the "X" shaped structures that contain DNA.
Cell Cycle
The process made up of interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis.
Nucleus
Where chromosomes and DNA are found in a cell.
Chromatids
The matching arms that make up a chromosome.
DNA
The chemical code that contains instructions for the cell.
Interphase
The first stage of the cell cycle. The longest stage where the cell grows, makes a copy of its DNA, and prepares to divide.
Mitosis
The second stage of the cell cycle where the nucleus divides.
Cytokinesis
The third stage of the cell cycle where the cell's cytoplasm divides.
2
The number of identical daughter cells that are made through each round of the cell cycle.
Prophase
Phase of mitosis where the strands of DNA condense and become visible "X" shapes.
Metaphase
Phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up the in the middle of the cell.
Anaphase
Phase of mitosis where the chromatids are being pulled apart to opposite ends of the cell.
Telophase
Phase of mitosis where the new nuclei form around each set of chromosomes.
Meta-
Prefix meaning " middle"
Ana-
Prefix meaning "apart"
Cancer
The disease that happens when cells don't stop going through their cell cycle, producing a mass (or tumor) of extra cells.
46
The number of chromosomes in a human body cell.
Replication
The process of copying DNA.
Mitosis - Prophase
This image shows:
Mitosis - Metaphase
This image shows:
Mitosis - Anaphase
This image shows:
Mitosis - Telophase
This image shows:
Cytokinesis
This image shows:
Chromosome
These structures are called:
Centromere
What is the ? mark pointing to in this picture of a chromosome?
Chromatids
What are the arrows pointing to in this picture of a chromosome?