19 terms

Poetic Devices

Poetic Devices to memorize
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Rhyme
Words that have the same ending sounds

"The tiny bird in the tree
Was singing songs just for me"
Simile
A figure of speech in which things are compared using the words "like" or "as"

"The surface of the water looked as smooth as glass"
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which things are compared by stating that one thing IS another

"The clouds are cottonballs in the sky"
Alliteration
Repetition of words with the same BEGINNING sounds

"Polly planted plenty of pretty pansies"
Personification
A figure of speech in which objects are given human qualities

"The sun played hide-and-seek with the clouds"
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like the objects or actions they refer to

"A pesky mosquito buzzed around my head"
Repetition
repeating the same words, lines or stanzas

"Slowly, very slowly, oh so slowly, I turned"
Rhyme Scheme
Regular pattern of words that END with the same sound

"The tiny bird in the tree (a)
was singing songs just for me (a)
It sounded so sweet (b)
I felt it down to my feet" (b)
Rhythm
Regular, repeated pattern of sounds, or beats

"Hey DIDdle DIDdle, the CAT and the FIDdle,
The COW jumped Over the MOON"
Hyperbole
An exaggeration

"I've been everywhere in the world"
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Figurative Language
All language that used word pictures to compare or describe things. Includes similes, metaphors, hyperbole, and more.
Free Verse
Poetry NOT written in rhyme or meter.
Narrative Poem
A poem that tells a story.
Speaker
The person who is 'speaking' or telling the poem; the narrator.
Diction
a poet's choice of words.
Meter
A pattern of rhythm in a poem.
Stanza
A group of lines in a poem; a 'paragraph'
Verse
Refers to a part of a poem, such as a single line or a stanza.
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