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Reading 2: The Invisible Enemy
Terms in this set (8)
Part of speech: verb and noun
Meaning: to cause pain, suffering, or trouble to someone, especially for a long period of time
Example Sentence: Financial problems continued to plague the company.
Collocation: be plagued by/with something
Part of speech: verb (noun acquisition, adjective acquisitive)
Meaning: to obtain (get or gain) something by buying it or being given it
Example Sentence: John hoped to acquire valuable works of art as cheaply as possible.
Register: In everyday English, people usually say get rather than acquire: Where did you get that tie?
Part of speech: verb
Meaning: to get or catch an illness
Example Sentence: Two-thirds of the adult population there have contracted AIDS.
Part of speech: noun
Meaning: a way of doing something, especially the correct or usual way → process or method
Example Sentence: This is standard procedure for getting rid of toxic waste.
Collocation: procedure for, correct/proper/normal etc procedure, legal/court/parliamentary etc procedures, follow/ go through a procedure
Part of speech: verb
Meaning: to damage something very badly
Example Sentence: His health was gradually ravaged by drink and drugs.
Part of speech: noun (adjective immune)
Meaning: the state or right of being protected from particular laws or from unpleasant things such as disease.
Example Sentence: Babies fed on breast milk have more immunity to infection.
Collocation: immunity from, immunity to
Part of speech: adjective (compulsorily adverb)
Meaning: something that is compulsory must be done because it is the law or because someone in authority orders you to
Example Sentence: Car insurance is compulsory.
Collocation: compulsory schooling/education
Synonyms: NECESSARY, OBLIGATORY[not usually before noun] if something is obligatory, you must do it because of a rule or law. Obligatory is more formal than compulsory. MANDATORY if something is mandatory, you must do it because it is the law.
Part of speech: noun (adjective principled)
Meaning: the basic idea that a plan or system is based on
Example Sentence: The general principle is that education should be available to all children up to the age of 16.
Collocation: basic/fundamental/guiding principle, principle of/that/behind, on a principle
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