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Terms in this set (81)
Composed mainly of iron with small additions of other metals or substances.
Iron with traces of silicates. It is easily worked and is tough and ductile. Used for decorative work such as screens and gates.
Iron with small amounts of carbon, silicon, sulfur, etc. Used as cylinder blocks, piston rings, vice bodies, manhole covers.
Iron with up to 0.3 percent carbon. Used for general purpose metals such as bars, rods, sheets, etc.
Steel with chromium and nickel. Used for cutlery, and furniture frames.
Tool and alloy steel
Composition varied by addition of different elements such as nickel, chromium, copper and manganese to molten steel. Used for saed, chisels, plane irons, scissors, etc.
Has high resistance to corrosion. Used in making sheet steel and metal lathe.
These contain little or no iron
Lustrous, silver-white, magnetic, lightweight metal which is very malleable, has good thermal and electrical conductivity.
Pure metal; soft, malleable, heavy metal. Very easy to cut and work, enabling it to be fitted over uneven surfaces.
Pure metal; Used as substitute for lead in flashings and linings.
Pure metal; lustrous white, soft and malleable metal having a low melting point and is relatively unaffected by exposure to air. Used as a base for alloys and a coating for mild steel; rarely used in pure state.
Combination of two or more metals and other substances. Divided into two sub-classes: ferrous and non-ferrous.
Copper + tin
Aluminum with copper and other metals.
Copper + Zinc
A slow hardening process, which tajes place to certain alloys.
Ability to break under a sharp blow.
Capacity to transmit heat and electricity
Ability to be stretched into fine wire without fracture
Ability to regain original shape after deformation
Property of becoming liquid when heated
Resistance to deformation
Capacity to be extended in all directions without fracturing byrolling, hammering or beating.
Tenacity or Cohesion
Resistance to a pulling force
Hardening of metal while it is being hammered or bent
Method in which a coating material is applied on a mettalic substrate. This process includes cleaning and chemical pre-treatment and either: one-side or two-side, single or multiple application of liquid or powder coating materials.
Coating with a non-transparent formulation containing pigments
Coating with a formulation based on a dissolved material which forms a transparent layer primarily after drying by evaporation of the solvent.
Continuous coating of a metal strip
Single coating of any type with no particular requirements for appearance, malleability, corrosion protection, etc. usually on the reverse side of the coated product.
Chemical Conversion Coating
Treatment of a metal with chemical solutions by dipping or spraying to build up an oxide film containing chromates or phosphates.
Application of pirmig paint often pigmented with a corrosion inhibitor such as zinc chromate, after suitable pretreatment.
Application of a solution containing a resin, a chromate and an acid, which is allowed to dry on and provide the key for subsequent painting.
Single Coat System
Single coat either with requirements on appearance, malleability, corrosion protection, subsequent painting, etc., or as a primer with special properties regarding adhesion and corrosion protection for post-painting applications.
Multiple Coat System
System comprising a primer or a base coat, possibly intermediate coat(s), and a top coat with particukar requirements on appearance, malleability, corrosion protection, etc.
Dry paint film of the coated product or the organic film metal laminate.
Organic film applied to a substrate to which an adhesive and, if appropriate, a primer has been applied beforehand.
Process of applying a thin coating of an expensive anti-corrosive metal
Chemical treatment to improve the optical reflectivity of a surface.
Polishing of a metal surface by immersion in a solution of chemical reagents.
Removal of oil or grease, usually by a suitable organic solvent or an aqueous detergent.
Roughening of the surface of a metal by overalll or selective dissolution in acid or caustic media.
Removal of a thin surfave layer of a metak by chemical action, mainly by treatment in a caustic solution.
A chemical change accompanying the passave of an electric current.
Electrochemical treatment tomimprove the optical reflectivity of a surface.
Polishing of a metal surgace by making it anodic in an appropriate electrolyte.
Metal with an anodic coating, produced by an electrolytic oxidation process in which the metal is converted to a mainly oxide coating having protective, decorativr or functional properties.
Clear Anodized Metal
Metal with a substantially colorless, translucent anodic oxidation coating.
Color Anodized Metal
Anodized metak colored either during anodizing or bybsubsequent coloring processes
Integral color anodized metal
Metal that has been anodized using an appropriate electrolyte which produces a colored coating during the anodizing process itself.
Electrolytically Colored Anodized Metal
Metal with anodic oxidation coating that has been colored by the eletrolytic deposition of a metal oxide into the pore structure.
Dyed Anodized Metal
Metal with anodic oxidation coating colored by absorption of dye-stuff or pigments into the pore structure.
Combination Color anodized Metal
Metal with an anodic oxidation coating that is colored by electrolytic coloringor produced by integral color anodizing followed by absorption dyeing.
Interference Color Anodized Metal
Metal with an anodic oxidation coating colored by means of optical interference effects.
Bright Anodized Metal
Anodized metal with high specular reflectance as the primary characteristics.
Anodizing where protection against corrosion or wear is the primary characteristic and appearance is secondary or of no importance.
Anodizing where a decorative finish with a uniform or a aesthetically pleasing appearance is the primary characteristic.
Anodizing to produce an architectural finish to be used in permanent, exterior and static situations where both appearance and long life are important.
Hard Anodized Metal
Anodized metal on which the anodix oxidation coatinf has been produced with weae and/or abrasion resistance as the primary characteristics.
Treatment of anodic oxidation coatings on metal tonreduce porosity and the absorption capacity of the coating by hydrothermal process carried out after anodizing.
Treatment of anodic oxidation coatings on metal to plug the pores and reduce the absorption caapcity of the coating by chemical processes carried out at low temperatures after anodizing.
The part of the product covered or to be covered by the coating and for which the coating is essential for serviceability and/or appearance.
This process uses a colored powder that is given a positive electric charge. The metal part is given a negative electric charge. Then the powder is sprayed onto the metal, and the electrostatic charhe allows the powder to stick to the metal part. Once the powder is attached to the metal, the part is baked into a kiln to fuse the powder to the metal surface. Then, the color is permanently attached. The finished surfave will not corrode from the elements, which makes them ideal for exterior applications.
raising, molding or carving a surface design relief
To carve, cut designs
The process of using strong acid or mordant to cut into the unprotected parts of the metal surface to create a design.
A technique used to work metal into a raised design or pattern by sinking the front surface, used in combination with repousse which is the opposite design is raised through the reversed side.
Heating metal to restore it to its softest possible working state.
Treating steel to improve its corrosion-resistance. The metal is heated to create an oxide-skin, and then quenched in oil.
Production of metal shapes by pouring molten metal into moulds
Forcing malleable materials through holes to produce bars, sections or tubes.
Shaping hot metal by hammering
Producing maximum hardness in high carbon steel by heating it to bright cherry red, then quenching it in water or brine. This process makes metal brittle and is usually followed by tempering.
Forming sheet metal into shape with a press tool.
A process in which a fast revolving sheet of ductile metal is forced over a wood or metal form.
Removing some of the brittleness from steel after it has been hardened.
pulling ductile metals through holes in a plate, to reduce their cross-sectional areas
Made by drilling a hole in the piece of metal to be joined, then inserting and fastening nuts and bolts, rivets or screw.
Soldering and Brazing
Are methods of making permanent connection in metals by applying a molten alloy between the joint faces.
An extremely strong means of joining metal