CHAPTER 2: TERMS
Terms in this set (21)
The professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities to enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favorable to this goal.
System that helps people meet their basic needs in order to maintain stability and social and economic justice within society.
A facility based in a geographically bound neighborhood whose purpose is to provide a center for the "neighbors" to come together for educational, social, and cultural activities. Settlement houses also provided social services and financial assistance. The settlement house movement is based on the concept that: (1) social change can occur; (2) social class distinctions can be narrowed through information and education; and (3) chance can come only when social workers immerse themselves into their clients' community.
Having inadequate money or means of subsistence.
Bias perpetrated by one individual or group over another individual or group due to race, ethnicity, gender, religion, age, sexual orientation, mental and physical conditions, class, and lifestyle.
The restriction by one group over an individual or another group in the areas of activities, access to resources or ability to exercise their rights.
Also known as the Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601, these laws employed the concept of mandatory taxation to fund social and financial assistance. Public assistance was provided to persons deemed eligible in three distinct categories: (1) monetary help for poor people who were deemed unemployable (i.e., older persons and persons with disabilities); (2) work for poor people who were not elderly or disabled; and (3) apprenticeships for orphaned/dependent children.
Requirement for adults to live in residential institutions known as workhouses, poorhouses or almshouses, and for children to live in orphanages.
Protestant Work Ethic
A belief system and "way-of-life" philosophy that emphasizes self-discipline and frugality and has had a significant influence on societal attitude toward the poor.
The provision of services outside an institutional setting.
Charity Organization Society (COS)
The movement was based on the belief that the person was responsible for his or her own difficulties but could be rehabilitated through individual sessions with a "friendly visitor" as opposed to a financial handout.
Widely considered the originator of social work in the United States, Jane Addams (1860-1935) opened Chicago's Hull House in 1889.
Group Work (Mezzo-Level Practice)
A method of social work practice in which the social worker works with a client system comprised of multiple persons to develop a planned change effort that meets the needs of the group.
A method of social work practice with organizations and communities in which the planned change effort is focused on addressing issues of social injustice.
The 1890s and early 1900s were a time of significant reform in far-ranging areas such as women's rights (specifically suffrage), health care and social service programs, education, and political practices, ethical occupational and consumer safety, child and social welfare laws, environmental preservation, and socialization for immigrants.
Early Charity Organization Society workers, who believed that extending friendship and sympathy would enable persons living in poverty to feel better about themselves and to rise out of poverty.
A set of reforms to relieve poverty in the Depression era, brought about by Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Social Security Act
Legislation in 1935 that granted benefits to a range of recipients who were in need.
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Government programs of social welfare that provides cash assistance to poor women and children; established by the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PROWRA). TANF provides monthly cash assistance to eligible low-income families with children under age.
Persons born between 1946 and 1964.
Domestic programs initiated by President Johnson to eliminate poverty and racial injustice in the 1960s.