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Governement 2 quiz
Terms in this set (50)
what was the primary goal of the Constitution's framers
to create an effective government
Which sector of society did not have interests that directly sparked the American Revolution
what led the British to raise taxes on the American colonists during the 1760s
the expenses incurred in colonizing South Africa
colonial protestors of the Stamp Act and the Sugar Act rallied around what famous political slogan
no taxation without reprenstation
the Stamp Act was a
tax on commerce
the events that led to the Revolutionary War were triggered by which of the following
the British raised revenue by increasing the tax rate of the colonies
what was the most common form of taxation during the colonial era
taxes on commercial products and activities
who orchestrated the Boston Tea Party
A ________ is a system of government in which states retain soverign authoruty except for powers expressly delegated to a national government
Who was not appointed to help draft the D of I
Under the US's first constitution
there was no president
how was power in Congress divided under the Articles of Confederation
each state had an equal vote
as a constitution, the Articles of Confederation were concerned primarily with
limiting the powers if the central government
under the Articles of Confederation, it was left to the _______ to execute the laws passed by Congress
which statement about government under the Articles of Confederation is false
Members of Congress had significant independence from their states
the Articles of Confederation were adopted in
what was the purpose of the Annapolis Convention
to discuss the weakness of the Articles of Confederation
the Virginia Plan of the Constitutional Convention proposed a system of representation in the national legislature that was based upon
the population of each state or the proportion of each state's revenue contribution , or both
according to historian Charles Beard, the framers of the Constitution were most concerned with
promoting their economic interests
according to the text, the writing of the Constitution demonstrates the
marriage of interests and principles
at the Constitutional Convention, the plan to create a Congress where reprenstation was distributed according to population was called
what did the New Jersey Plan propose for Congress
representation would be equal for each state
the issue of representation, which threatened to wreck the entire Constitutional Convention, was resolved by the Great Compromise, also called the
during the Philadelphia Convention, in order to win concessions from large states, representatives from smaller states like Delware threatened to
form alliances with foreign nations
James Madison beileved that in the Consitutional Convention the greatest conflict of interests was between
northern states and southern states
what is the three-fifths compromise?
it determined that three out of every five slaves would be counted for purposes of representation and taxation
what was a ramification of the three-fifths compromise?
it temporarily mended the conflict between northern merchants and southern planters; it allowed for a political agreement between the north and the south; it meant that the constitution officially supported slavery
the ability of the president to veto a bill passed by congress is a good example of what principle of limited government?
checks and balances
the framers of the constitution attempted to create a government that could do all the following except
lead to the eventual inclusion of nonwhites in political life
the electoral college is
designed to elect president
the system of shared powers, divided between a central government and the states, is called
what was design by the framers to be an office directly elected by the people?
what is the term length of a member of the house of representatives?
the three branches of government created by the constitution are
executive, legislative, and judicial
procedures outlining how to amend the constitution are found in article
which of the following was not a way the framers tried to make the senate a check against excessive democracy?
senator are the only officials immune from impeachment
only one-third of the senate is top for re-election during any single election year, because the framers believed that
this was the only way to protect the senate against radical changes
the framers of the constitution intended to create a president capable of
withstanding excessive popular pressure by making it subject to indirect election through the electoral college
the principle of giving each branch of government its own constituency is what montesquieu calls a
the amend the constitution requires a ___ vote by congress, and approval by ___ of the states
whose "political gospel" inspired the farmers to adopt the concept of the separation of powers?
compared with the articles of confederation, federalism under the constitution has led to
greater centralization of power
during the ratification debates, who were the antifederalists?
those who opposed the new constitution because they wanted a weaker central government
in the national debate over ratification of the new constitution, the federalists
supported the constitution and preferred a strong national government
brutus and federal farmer are two pseudonyms used by the
which constitutional principle of the U.S. has been most frequently imitated by other nations?
the antifederalists argued that the powers of government should be limited by
both confining the powers of the federal government to certain narrowly defined areas, and adding a bill of rights to the constitution
how many proposed amendments to the constitution have been formally offering to congress?
the most common method of passing an amendment to the constitution is
passage in both houses of congress by a two-thirds votes, followed by a majority vote in three-fourths of the state legislatures
the most important political value for the farmers of the constitution was
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