Business Ethics Test 1
Terms in this set (20)
A code of moral behavior followed by a particular group. (therefore ethical decisions are then based on our moral compass)
Is a sociological discipline that attempts to describe the morals of a particular society. Often by studying cultures. Describes moral behavior.
Refers to the discipline that produces moral norms or rules as its end product. Prescribes moral behavior.
An area of ethics that investigates the meaning of moral language, or the epistemology of ethics, and also considers the justification of ethical theories and judgments. It focuses on the meaning of the major terms in ethics such as right, good and just.
Is a category of ethics that focuses on the virtues produces in individuals, not the morality of specific acts. Also known as virtue theory. Recognizing that there is more to the moral life than simply making rights decisions.
The theory that the morality of an act is determined by ones self-interest. The actions that advance self-interest are moral, and those that do not are no moral. Ethical egoist used self-interest to make moral decisions, which does not necessary mean that the person is narcissistic.
Is known as a teleological system, in which the morality of an act is determined by the end result. Utilitarianism and teleological ethics are used interchangeably. It agrees that that the moral choice is the one that produces the greatest good for the greatest number of people, or the moral choice is the course of action tha5t produces more good consequences than harmful ones.
Debate over moral issues such as euthanasia, abortions and homosexuality illustrates the overlap between moral judgments and personal preferences. Emotivism as a moral theory has its roots in the moral philosophy of David Hume, who help that morality is a matter of sentiment rather than fact.
The ideal that different cultures have widely varying moral codes and concepts of right and wrong.
The dominant contributor to ethical theory during the transition between the ancient world and the Middle Ages. He attempted to formulate an explicitly Christian ethic for a world that was just beginning to experience Christianity.
Born and raised in Italy. Fundamental ethical concepts was the notion of the public good under law. Ethics was much more than simply ones inner attitude, as was the case with the Stoics.
Lived in England. His personal ethics are clearly based on the nature and constitution of a human being. The good is defined in terms of the indiduval and individuals self-intrest. Assumed that all people desire peace.
Founders of classic utilitarianism. Principle of utility involved primary consideration of pain and pleasure, the two "sovereign master" of nature.
Lived during the hight of the enlightenment. Devised a principle-based ethic, centered not on a religious system but on reason alone.
Making a moral judgement involves four considerations:
1. Consider the action itself; moral judgement
2. Evaluate the motive of the person called the "moral actor"
3. Evaluate the consequence of your actioned decisions
4. Attempt to evaluate the character of the moral actor.
Character is the tendency of a person to act in predictable ways over time.
Refers to the process of determining right and wrong.
Refers to the actual content of right and wrong.
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