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Formal region

Defined by government. Ex- Countries or Continents

Functional region

Areas serviced by a particular service.

Perceptual region

Area carved out by peoples attitude about a place.


a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a


the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth


The system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and conduct.

East Asia

countries include: Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, North Korea, China, and Mongolia.

South Asia

- countries include: Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Sri Lanka, Iran, Bangladesh, Kyrgystan, Pakistan,

Southeast Asia

a geographical division of Asia that includes Indochina plus Indonesia and the Philippines and Singapore


the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions


(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation


a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions


the act of deep thinking or reflection

Democratic Governement

the people play a much greater role in decoding who the rule are and what decisions are made.

Command economy

An economic system in which the government controls a country's economy.


Gov. has total control over economy and believes in--no rich no poor.

Totalitarian Government

a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it. Ex: North Korea


a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)

Market Economy

economic system in which decisions on production and consumption of goods and services are based on voluntary exchange in markets


growth to a global or worldwide scale


a relationship between countries in which they rely on one another for resources, goods, or services

Free trade

international trade free of government interference

Trade barriers

taxes, quotas, and other restrictions on goods entering or leaving a country

Multinational Corporations

companies that operate across national boundaries: also called transitional corporations

Population Density

number of individuals per unit area

Developed Nations

High standard of living

Developing Nations

close to being developed but still have a few things holding them back such as poor health education.

Under developing nations

Few resources, very low living standards

Standard of living

a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone

Urban Population

means the amount of people living in the city rather than the country

GDP per capita

total value of goods and services produced in a year divided by the population

Cultural Diffusion

the spread of cultural elements from one society to another


Easy access to something

One child policy

Act in China that allows people to have only 1 child in the city and 2 children in the countryside.

Authoritarian government

A system of rule by the government and only the government.

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