AICE Psychology: The formation of false memories-Loftus & Pickrell

Terms in this set (10)

The research method of the study was an experiment with the use of a questionnaire.
The subject's relatives were interviewed to determine events of the subject's childhood between 4-6 years old.
The relatives were asked about the subject's possible shopping trip to the mall at age 5.
The subjects couldn't have had family folkore or traumatic events.
The subjects also couldn't have been lost at a mall at age 5.
The subjects were told they were in a study which focused on childhood memories and why we can remember some and not others.
They were told to read the booklet provided which contained three real memories and one fake one from childhood.
Then they were instructed to write below the events stuff they remembered about them, and if they didn't remember it to write. "I do not remember this."
Then the subjects mailed this booklet back.
1-2 weeks later the subjects were interviewed, then again after another 1-2 weeks. (These interviews were conducted over the phone or at the University by 2 women, who recorded the interview.)
The subjects were asked to recall as many details as possible for the 4 events in the interview.
Then to rate their clarity and content on a scale of 1-10.
Then to rate their confidence they could remember more if time was given on a scale of 1-5.
Then they were debriefed. After the first session debriefing included asking them to think about the memories, but not to discuss them.
After the second session debriefing included apologizing for deception and having them try to guess the false memory.