Terms in this set (40)
Steps to analyze a poem
1.) Observe the poems physical attributes (title, poet, stanzas, lines)
2.) Read poem for rhythm and musicality
3.) Read for meaning
4.) Note use of figurative language and other poetic devices
5.) Connect with poem- what does this have to do with life?
Sound, syllable, word, phrase, line, stanza, or metrical pattern (refrain)
Words that have a similar sound
Look at end word rhymes (aabbccddee.....)
Two executive lines with rhyme
Repetition of consonant sounds, especially at the beginning of words within the line (ex. The softer side of sears)
Repetition of similar sounds in a line (ex. A moony tune made me swoon
Musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables
Basic rhythmic structure of stressed and unstressed syllables
Words that rhyme within a line
Words that rhyme at the end of the line
Repetition of similar consonant sounds in a line
Words formed to the sound of the word imitating the sounds of the things they describe (snap, crackle, pop, plop, fizz)
Repeated lines or verse in a poem or song
Two unlike things compared without using like ow as
Ex. She is a mouse
Two unlike things compared using like or as
Ex. She was a quiet as a mouse
Direct or Indirect reference to something outside the poem
Ex. He was a Scrooge and would not donate to charity.
Ex. He was hungry as a horse.
Human characteristics given to animals, objects or ideas.
Ex. The clouds puffed and floated across the sky
Part is used to designate the whole or the whole used to designate the part
Ex. "all hands on deck" means "all men deck" not just their hands.
A person, thing or abstract quality is addressed
Ex. Oh earth! Oh earth! You are my salvation
Two seeming opposites combined
Ex. "I am busy doing nothing"
Tells a story (ballad, epic)
Rhymed or unrhymed lines that do not have a set meter
Narrative poem that tells a story similar to a folktale or legend often has a repeated refrain
Long, serious narrative poem usually dealing with a heroic character
Expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet
Lyric poem that is 14 lines long
Lyric poem that praises a subject
A mournful poem; a lament for the dead
Teaches an ethical, religious or moral lesson- takes the shape of the topic it describes
Poems that create or celebrate nature (Haiku, pastoral)
Poems that sing of friendship or romantic love
Poems that explain or describe something
Poems about countries, peoples, wars, etc.
Poems about God or man's relationship with God
Poems to make you laugh (Limerick, Epigram)
Short tale in prose or poetry teaching a moral lesson
Refers to a meaning that is implied by a word apart from the thing which it describes explicitly
Ex: "Good-morning," and he glittered when he walked.
The reader infers that everyone who say Richard Cory saw him as a lively, happy man.
Literal or dictionary meanings of a word
Ex. "And he was rich- yes, richer than a king"
The reader is told that Richard Cory is wealthy