APUSH: Colonial America
Terms in this set (8)
First permanent English settlement in the New World.
Act for the Encouragement of Trade
Part of the Navigation Acts, passed by the British Parliament to control colonial trade and enforce mercantilism.
Proclamation of 1763
British attempt to prevent colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains after Pontiac's Rebellion. Intended to prevent future conflicts with American Indians. However, the colonial perception was the Crown chose the interests of American Indians over loyal British subjects who owned land west of the Appalachians.
Parliament's first direct tax on the colonies, aimed at raising revenue. Resulted in widespread resentment and boycotts.
Passed by Parliament in response to the Boston Tea Party. Consisted of four parts:
1. The Boston Port Act - closed Boston Harbor until the tea was paid for.
2. The Massachusetts Government Act - limited town hall meetings, and positions in the Massachusetts Assembly were appointed by the Crown instead of public elections.
3. The Administration of Justice Act - tried British officials accused of crimes in the colonies in England instead of America.
4. The Quartering Act - required the housing of British troops in colonial homes instead of boarding houses.
Declaration of Independence
Written by Thomas Jefferson and heavily influenced by John Locke's theories on life, liberty , and property. This document listed grievances against the Crown, and accused King George III of abusing his authority and proclaimed the independence of the 13 colonies .
British North America Colonists identified as British; establishing English laws and customs.
By 1776, patriots embraced a political identity distinct from the British Empire. The Declaration of Independence was a break from what the Americans thought were the shackles of British tyranny.
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