Chapter 30: Exercise and Activity
Terms in this set (68)
Touching the opposite finger with the thumb is
The foot is bent down at the ankle when __________________ is present
A brief loss of consciousness or fainting is
Bending a body part is
Moving a body part away from the mid-line of the body is
____________ is the movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain.
Range of motion
Turning the joint outward is
A drop in blood pressure when the person suddenly stands up is postural hypotension
________________ occurs when moving a body part toward the mid-line of the body.
Turning the joint upward is called
Bending the toes and foot up at the ankle is
Excessive straightening of a body part is
A decrease in size or a wasting away of tissue is
Turning the joint is
___________ is straightening of body part.
_________________is another name for orthostatic hypotension
______________ is the permanent plantar flexion; the foot falls down at the ankle
The act of walking is
__________ is turning the joint downward.
The loss of muscle strength from inactivity is
__________________ is turning the joint inward
The lack of joint mobility caused by abnormal shortening of a muscle is a
A device used to support a muscle, promote a certain motion, or correct a deformity is an
If a person is on bedrest, he or she
May be allowed to perform activities of daily living (ADL)
Complications of bedrest include all of these except
Increased appetite and improved muscle strength
If a contracture develops
The contracted muscle is fixed into position, is deformed, and cannot stretch.
When you are caring for a person who has orthostatic hypotension, you should
Raise the head of the bed slowly to Fowler's position.
Nursing care that prevents complications from bedrest include all of these except
If a person sitting on the edge of the bed complains of weakness, dizziness, or spots before the eyes, you should
Have the person sit on the side of the bed for a short while.
Bed-boards are used to
Keep the person in alignment by preventing the mattress from sagging
Plantar flexion must be prevented to
Keep the feet from bending down at the ankle (footdrop)
To prevent the hips and legs from turning outward, you can use
You help the person to exercise when you
Encourage the person to use a trapeze to lift the trunk off the bed.
When another person moves the joints through their range of motion, it is called
A nursing assistant can perform range-of-motion exercises on the ______________ only if allowed by center policy.
Depending on activity limits, it is best if exercise for children is
Play activities that promote active ROM exercises.
When exercising the wrist, you will perform all of these motions except
Which of these joints can be adducted and abducted?
When you help a person who is weak and unsteady to walk, you should
Apply a gait (transfer) belt
When the person is walking with crutches, the person should wear
Clothes that fit well
When walking with a cane, it is held
On the strong side of the body
When a person is using a walker, it is
Pushed and moved 6 to 8 inches in front of the persons feet
When you are caring for a person who wears a brace, it is important to report at once
Any redness or signs of skin breakdown when you remove a brace.
Activities of daily living
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987
Range of motion
You assist the nurse in promoting ____________ and _____________ in all persons to the extent possible.
Bedrest is ordered to
- Reduce physical activity
- Reduce pain
- Encourage rest
- Regain strength
- Promote healing
The nurse tells you the resident is on bedrest, but can use the bathroom for elimination. This type of bedrest is
Bedrest with bathroom privileges
When a person is moved from lying or sitting to a standing position, the blood pressure may ____________________. This is called _________.
- orthostatic hypotension
Supportive devices such as bed-boards are used to _____________ and _____________ the person in a certain position.
When you use a foot-board, the soles of the feet are ______________ against to prevent _________________.
A trochanter roll is placed along the body to prevent the hips and legs from ________________.
Hand rolls or grips prevent __________ of the thumb, fingers, and writs.
A splint is used to keep these joints in their normal positions
Bed cradles are used because the weight of top linens can cause ______________ and ______________.
- Pressure ulcers
A trapeze bar allows the person to lift the ___________ off the bed. It also allows the person to __________ and ____________ in bed.
- Move up;
When a person does exercises with some help, they are doing __________ range-of motion exercises.
When range-of-motion exercises are done, what should be reported or recorded?
- The time the exercises were performed
- The joints exercised
- The number of times the exercises were performed on each joint
- Any complaints of pain or signs of stiffness or spasm
- The degree to which the person participated in the exercises
- When to report observations
When preforming range-of-motion exercises, each movement should be repeated _________________ times or the ____________.
- Number of times stated on the care plan
List the safety measures to follow when performing range-of-motion exercises.
- Cover the person with a bath blanket for warmth and privacy.
- Exercise only the joints the nurse tells you to exercise.
- Expose only the body part being exercised.
- Use good body mechanics.
- Support the body part being exercised.
- Move the joint slowly, smoothly, and gently.
- Do not force a joint beyond its present range of motion.
- Do not force the joint to the point of pain.
- Ask the person if he or she has pain or discomfort.
When you help a person to walk, you should walk to the _____________ and ___________ the person. Provide support with the _____________
- Slightly behind
- Gait belt
Many people prefer a walker because it gives more support than a
You can promote activity, exercise, and well-being when you
- Encourage the person to be as active as possible
- Resist the urge to do things for the person that he or she can safely do alone or with some assistance
- Focus on the person's abilities
- Tell the person when you notice he or she is doing well or making progress
- Tell the person you are proud of what he or she did or tried to do.
OBRA requires ________________ Programs for nursing center residents. These programs are important for ____________ and ___________ well-being.
Activities in nursing centers must meet the interests and needs of each resident. These needs are
- Physical needs
- Mental needs
- Social needs
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