141 terms

Language Usage 171-200

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Terms in this set (...)

advertisement
a notice promoting a product, service, or event or publicizing a job vacancy
apostrophe
a punctuation mark (') used to indicate either possession (Harry's book; boys' coats) or note a contraction (can't, don't)
contraction
combining two words together by an apostrophe to make a shorter word (do not = don't)
cookbook
a book containing recipes and other information about the preparation and cooking of food.
directions
instructions for doing something
edit
correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying a piece of written work
essay
a short piece of writing on a particular subject
exclamation point
a punctuation mark (!) used after an exclamation
phrase
a group of words together in a sentence that add meaning or give more details to the sentence
poetry
a type of writing that is in verse and expresses an imaginative interpretation of the subject
pronoun
a word that renames the noun to which it refers; Sarah becomes she or her
proofread
modifying a piece of written work
punctuation
marks, such as period, comma, and parentheses, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning.
question mark
a punctuation mark (?) placed at the end of a sentence to indicate a question
report
give a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done, or investigated
sequence
a particular order in which related events, movements, or things follow each other
short story
a narrative with a few characters, is shorter than a novel, has a single theme
sign
any object, action, event, pattern, etc., that conveys a meaning
spelling
the process of writing or naming the letters of a word.
verb
describes an action, state of being and forming the main part of the predicate of a sentence
word order
the order of words in a text
action verb
a verb that expresses either physical or mental activity
address
a speech or written statement, usually formal, directed to a particular group of persons
audience
the assembled spectators or listeners at a public event, such as a play, movie, concert, etc.
body
the main part of a written work
book report
information about a book that a person has read
book title
the name given to a book
brainstorm
a group discussion to produce ideas and ways of solving problems
business letter
writing from one company to another or for correspondence between such organizations and their customers
capitalize
using an uppercase letter for a proper noun or at the beginning of a sentence
chronological order
the order in which events happen in time
closing
the conclusion of a speech or a paper
colon
the punctuation mark (:) used before a list or an explanation that is preceded by a clause that can stand by itself
compound sentence
a sentence composed of at least two coordinate independent clauses and joined together with a comma and a FANBOYS conjunction
detail
provides more information on the topic of the writing
diagram
a plan that outlines and explains the parts of the writing
diary
a book in which one keeps a daily record of events and experiences
draft
a preliminary version of a piece of writing
exclamatory sentence
a sentence expressing strong feeling, usually punctuated with an exclamation mark
fact
something said to be true or supposed to have happened
fairy tale
a story, usually for children, about elves, hobgoblins, dragons, fairies, or other magical creatures
friendly letter
a letter written to someone you know
heading
a title at the head of a page or section of a book: "chapter headings".
hyphen
the sign (-) used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning or that they are linked in the grammar of a sentence
indent
to start (a line of text) or position (a block of text, table, etc.) further from the margin than the main part of the text
journal
a daily record, as of occurrences, experiences, or observations
list
a number of connected items or names written or printed consecutively, typically one below the other
main heading
keyed in all capital letters, this is the main title of the table
main topic
the main idea or thesis that the paragraph, research paper or essay is dealing with
narrative
a spoken or written account of connected events; a story
noun
a person, place, thing or idea
nursery rhyme
a short, simple poem or song for very young children, as Hickory Dickory Dock
outline
a preliminary plan of a written work; generally organized by Roman numerals, letters, and numbers
passage
a section of a written work
past tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states that have already occurred
play
a dramatic composition written for performance by actors on a stage
plural
more than one
predicate
the part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject
publish
to prepare and issue (a book, journal, piece of music, or other work)
punctuate
to mark or divide (something written) with punctuation marks in order to make the meaning clear
revise
to make corrections to a written work
run-on sentence
two or more sentences that are incorrectly run together as a single sentence
semicolon
a punctuation mark (;) used to join two independent clauses together
signature
a person's name, or a mark representing it, as signed personally
singular
one of somehting
stanza
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.
subject
a person or thing that is being discussed or described in a sentence
title
the name of a book, composition, or other artistic work
describe
to give an account or representation of in words
topic sentence
a sentence that states the topic of its paragraph
writing process
the steps of producing a piece of writing (prewriting, drafting, revising, conferencing, editing, publishing)
abbreviation
a shortened form of a word or phrase.
adjective
a word used to describe a noun
adverb
a word that describes a verb, adjective or other adverb
advertise
to promote a product, service, or event or publicizing a job vacancy
argument
a statement, reason, or fact for or against a point
article
a written composition, usually nonfiction, on a specific topic
author's purpose
the reason the author has for writing. ( Inform, persuade, express, & entertain)
bibliography
a list of the books referred to in a scholarly work, organized in alphabetical order
biography
an account of someone's life written by someone else
book review
a critical review of a book (usually a recently published book)
cause and effect
the reason something happens and the result of it happening
character
a person represented in a story or play
classified ad
a short ad in a newspaper or magazine (usually in small print) and appearing along with other ads of the same type
clause
a part of a sentence containing a subject and a verb
compare
to note the similarities between two things
compare and contrast
to note the similarities and differences between two or more things
composition
the make-up of a literary work
conclusion
the end or close; the final part
creative writing
the exercise of creating imaginative drama, fiction, or poetry
data
facts and statistics collected together for reference or analysis
description
a written representation or account of a person, object, or event
descriptive writing
writing that paints a picture of a person, place, thing, or idea
dictionary
a book that lists the words of a language in alphabetical order and gives their meaning
drama
a play written for performance by actors on a stage
ending
the final part of a story
explanation
a statement made to clarify something and make it understandable
expository
Intended to explain or describe something
expository writing
writing that explains or informs
fantasy
imaginative literature, often set in strange places with unusual characters
fiction
literature, esp. short stories and novels, about imaginary events and people.
figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
folk tale
a tale or legend originating among a people or folk, forming part of the oral tradition of the common people.
form
the structure of what a piece of writing should be like; letter, essay, poem
future tense
a verb tense that expresses actions or states that has not yet happened
graphic organizer
a chart or diagram that readers can use to take notes and organize information
imperative sentence
a sentence that requests or commands
introduction
material given at the front of a book to explain or introduce it to the reader
letter closing
the end of a letter; Sincerely, or Your friend,
literary analysis
study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature
main idea
what a piece of writing is mainly about
manual
a small reference book usually giving instructions
margin
the blank space bordering the written or printed area on a page
memo
a written message, esp. in business; a memorandum
mood
a temporary state of mind or feeling
narrative writing
writing about the events from a personal perspective; a story
nonfiction
writing that is true and based on facts, such as biography or history
novel
fictional narrative of book length, typically representing character and action with some degree of realism
opinion
a view or judgment formed about something, not necessarily based on fact or knowledge
persuasive writing
a kind of writing that is intended to influence people's actions and/or thoughts
plot
main part of a literary or dramatic work, as a play, novel, or short story
proper noun
gives a noun a particular name; must be capitalized
quotation
a group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker.
quotation mark
a punctuation mark used to attribute the enclosed text to someone else; for ex: He said, "Hello!"
research
the study of materials and sources in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions
review
a formal assessment or examination of something
revision
the process of editing a piece of work
rhyme
correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, esp. when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry
salutation
a word or phrase serving as the greeting in a letter or speech; for ex: Dear Sir in a letter or Ladies and Gentlemen in a speech.
schedule
a plan for carrying out a process or procedure, giving lists of intended events and times
science fiction
literary fantasy involving the imagined impact of science on society
setting
where and when a story takes place
subject-verb agreement
subject stays the same; verb must be singular or plural to match the subject
tense
the time of a verb: past, present or future
textbook
a book used for the study of a particular subject
thesaurus
a book that lists the synonyms of a word; organized in alphabetical order
entertain
to interest and amuse
inform
impart knowledge of some fact, state or affairs, or event to
persuade
to cause somebody to adopt a certain position, belief, or course of action
topic
the subject of a text
verb phrase
a phrase consisting of a verb, its complements, and other modifiers