Enviro Ed Flora and Fauna 2
Terms in this set (62)
Why is the prairie biome an endangered biome?
Our ancestors have plowed up, grazed off, or replanted the prairie with foreign grasses, which has left less than one percent of the original prairie left.
What abiotic factors affect the prairie within the smooth sumac?
Sun, it cannot penetrate through the thick smooth sumac
Why is smooth sumac known as a "clone"?
Dogwood, ground cherry and poison ivy all have alike berries like smooth sumac
What are the big four grasses? Can you identify them by pictures?
Big bluestem, Indian Grass, Switchgrass, and Little bluestem
Are the big four grasses the only grasses that can be found in the outdoor lab? If the answer is no -- what else can be found?
No, there is also ragweed and goldenrod
Is the prairie biome the most endangered or second most endangered biome?
Yes, first in North America
Are the big four grasses cool season or warm season grasses?
What is the difference in a prairie forb and a prairie grass?
Forbs' leaves are broader and have net like veins; grasses have parallel veins
What are 3 examples of prairie forbs?
Clover, ragweed and thistle
Why do we burn the prairie?
Prairie plants that spread quickly are controlled by burning
What does the word prairie mean in French?
What are the different types of prairies?
Tall, short and medium height grass
What is a woody invader? Please give an example.
They have a woody stem and they take nutrients from other desirable prairie plants, deep thick roots, spread quickly, controlled by burning, cutting and grazing, Dogwood
What plant looks like dog slobber?
What was the outdoor lab, before it actually became "our" outdoor lab? What did the SMSD purchase it for?
It was used to grow crops, graze cattle and was used for hay crops
Who helped develop the outdoor lab for us to use?
Wendell Mohling and his students
When and where should you explain the rules of the outdoor lab?
Before you go into the lab and before anyone enters
When the school was built what happened to the land where we have the lab?
The intent was to have construction of a district warehousing and maintenance headquarters
What does soil look like after 8 feet of dirt is taken off the top?
How many acres of land are in the outdoor lab?
What tree is called a living fossil?
Horse high, hog tight and bull strong describes what plant in the outdoor lab?
What was the Osage orange tree used for?
It was used by the Native Americans for making their highly prized bows. Osage bow blanks and finished bows were prime items of barter among the tribes
What is the baffle and how does it work?
Baffle takes out any pollutants, baffle boxes were installed to remove pollutants before entering the outdoor lab area
Do goldenrod plants cause asthma? Why or why not?
No, it is ragweed that causes asthma
What are the types of fences you can find in the outdoor lab?
Split rail fence, stone fences, limestone slab fence and chain link
What are split rail fences made from?
Rot Resistant wood
What fence is the best for animal habitat? Why is this?
Split rail fence, because it provides a passageway for small game animals and slows down or prevents larger predators from coming along
What type of fence(s) can you find fossils in? Why can you find fossils here?
Limestone slab fence, animals find many types of habitats within these fences
What is the basic function for a fencerow for wildlife?
Fencerows have many types of habitats available to animals as well as being attractive to wildlife.
Why are sunflowers useful to their ecosystem?
Products include sunflower oil, and other products which are made from the oil and stalk
Can bison dung be used for campfires?
Is the state tree found everywhere in Kansas or just in the eastern side of the state?
Everywhere in Kansas
Do bison have natural enemies? If so what?
What color is the shell of a box turtle?
A dark or reddish brown shell with yellow lines
How long can box turtles live?
What should you do if you find a box turtle on the path?
What are three of the state organisms that are/were valuable to man as a human food source?
Sunflower, honey bee and bison
How can a tiger salamander be identified?
Yellow and black colors
Why is a tiger salamander a pollution indicator?
It absorbs pollutants through its skin and then pollutes water
Where does a tiger salamander live and breed?
Western Kansas, they breed as terrestrial or aquatic
What is the state mammal of Kansas? Can we find it in the outdoor lab?
Does the state mammal live in the forest or the prairie? Where did settlers find it?
Prairie, the Plains
How many state organisms are (were) valuable to man as a human food source?
What state organisms are valuable to man because they eat insects
Tiger Salamander and Meadowlark
Was the state tree valued be early settlers? Why or why not?
Yes, they provided shelter from the sun and wind and its leaves were used to feed livestock
What is the state tree?
What is the state flower? Does it have any nicknames?
Are all of the state organisms originally native to Kansas? If not which ones are not -- where did they come from?
No, bison came from Africa and Asia
Is the state reptile fast or slow? How do you normally capture it?
Slow, with a trap
How do you identify the state reptile?
They have dark colored legs and their heads are covered with yellow or orange spots
What does neotonic mean?
the adult (Tiger Salamander) stays in the larval form
What is a gall?
They form where insects or mites feed or lay eggs
What are examples of some plants that we can kind galls on in the outdoor lab?
Cottonwood leaves and hackberry leaves
What are some native fruit trees in the outdoor lab?
What can the persimmon tree tell us?
A prediction of the winter weather
What are two invasive species that are found in the outdoor lab?
Johnsongrass and Japanese Honeysuckle
What is a biennial plant?
A plant that lives 2 years
Which plant produces a chemical which kills insects and weeds?
Showy tick trefoil
Which plant is the genetic decedent of our modern carrot?
Queen Anne's Lace
Which plant has a refrigerant effect on the body, lowering abnormally high body heat and quenching thirst?