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Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
Terms in this set (9)
A Russian psychologist who died of TB at age 37
Vygotsky's view on cognititve development
Social interactions in which more knowledgable members of society teach us skills, Cognition develops first in a social setting and gradually comes under a child's independent control, Learning from and internalizing communications, Being led towards more complex concepts by others, Continuing throughout our lives with new tasks, A continuous process - not in stages
3 main concepts in Vygotsky's theory
1: The Zone of Proximal Development 2: Scaffolding 3: Private Speech
The zone of Proximal Development
Difference between what a child can do alone and higher level they can achieve with assistance. Ex: Instructions on how to clean your room or learning a new sport
Gauging the amount of assistance given depending on a learner's level of need. Ex: Early in learning we give more direction and praise, as children catch on we give less direction
Verbal comments children make to themselves to guide and regulate their behavior. Eventually children internalize comments as silent self-talk. Viewed language as necessary for any higher-order cognition such as planning and problem-solving. Disagreed strongly with Piaget here who believed this speech was egocentric and nonsocial
Private Speech functions
Self guiding/self-regulation. Language/word play. Expressing/practicing emotions. Social practice for shy/inhibited children
Information Processing Theory
Looks at how information: Selected from environment (attention). Acted on (problem-solving, knowledge). Stored (memory). Retrieved (memory).
About the Information Processing Theory
first developed during the 1960's. Theory views mind like a computer.
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