In what ways were the cultures of Djenne-Djeno and Nok alike?
Both lived near Niger river; both smelt iron
Why were griots important to African societies?
Kept history alive
Why might Africans continue living in a nomadic lifestyle?
The land is not good for farming so they keep having to move
What is special about geography of Africa
Large, but few ports
What makes the environment challenging?
Deserts and rainforests (hard to farm)
A permanent move from one country or region to another
Factors that can push people out of an area or pull them into an area
People who lived in the savanna south of the Sahara and migrated south; one of the largest migrations in history
What are push-pull factors in migration?
Environmental, economic, and political
What are 3 effects of migration?
(1) change population density; (2) cultural blending of languages/cultures; (3) ideas and technologies shared; (4) quality of life improved; (5) clashes between groups can create war; (6) environmental conditions may change; (7) unemployment/poverty
Into which regions of Africa did the Bantu-speaking migration move?
Moved from savanna under Sahara desert to southern regions of Africa
How can the effects of one migration become the cause of another migration?
Use up resources, cause unemployment, war, etc so then people in the area they migrated to leave
How did the Bantu migration change the history of Africa?
Shared ideas about social and political organizations
How did the Bantu deal with the problems they encountered in their migration?
They kept moving southward
Which of the effects of migration do you think are most negative?
A kingdom that took over Kush, located on a rugged plateau on the Red Sea
Aksum's chief seaport
The strongest ruler of Aksum, brought Christianity
step-like ridges constructed on mountain slopes that they farmed on
How did Aksum's location make it a trade city?
Has access to the Red Sea, Mediterranean, Arabian peninsula, interior of Africa, Indian Ocean, and Egypt
Why did the people of Aksum become Christians?
Ezana brought Christianity
Why did Aksum's leader move their capital?
Islamic (Muslims) invaders (had to move over the mountains)
How did Aksum's location and interaction with other regions affect its development?
Influences from Mediterranean countries, Arabs, Persia, etc.
Why did the kingdom of Aksum decline?
What impact did Ezana's decision to become a Christian have on the kingdom of Aksum?
Became official religion of the kingdom
How did the Muslim conquest of African affect the kingdom of Aksum?
Isolation in the mountains, no more forest, and soil erosion (i.e., they moved to the mountains and bad environment so declined)
What conditions led to Aksums becoming Christian?
Their ruler was Christian
Why don't the traders speak to each other instead of laying down goods or gold?