13 terms

Fuggi DNA ( applied )

Deoxyribonucleic acid
double helix / twisted ladder
Shape of strands of DNA
Adenine, Thymine, Guanine, Cytosine
4 nitrogen containing bases
Thymine ( T )
pairs only with Adenine ( A )
Cytosine ( C )
pairs only with Guanine ( G )
46 or 23 pairs
Number of chromosomes that most humans have
The area on the DNA strand that codes for a specific trait
( Shape of your nose, eye color, type of hair etc. )
uncondensed DNA
condensed DNA
Sugar and Phosphates
Two molecules that make up the sides ( Backbone ) of the DNA ladder
Nucleotides ( a monomer of Nucleic Acid )
DNA is made up of repeating subunits of these things
Sugar ( Pentose ) , a Phosphate group and a Nitrogen base
What are the 3 things that make up a Nucleotide
A Base Pair ( bonded with a Hydrogen bond )
The rungs of the DNA "ladder" are made up of two bases bonded together. What are these two together called ?