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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. vacuole
  2. plasmid
  3. stroma
  4. organelle
  5. lysosome
  1. a an area within a chloroplast that lies between the thylakoid membranes; serves as the site of the Calvin cycle in photosynthesis which involves the synthesis of carbohydrates
  2. b membrane-bound sac containing digestive enzymes that can break down proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides
  3. c membrane-bound sac that buds from the endoplasmic reticulum or the Golgi apparatus, storage structures for food, water, minerals, waste
  4. d a circular DNA molecule that is usually found in bacteria and that can replicate independent of the main chromosome
  5. e one of the small bodies that are found in the cytoplasm of a cell and that are specialized to perform a specific function

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A short cellular appendage specialized for locomotion, formed from a core of nine outer doublet microtubules and two inner single microtubules ensheathed in an extension of plasma membrane.
  2. in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration, which produces ATP
  3. ratio of a cell's outside area to its internal volume
  4. a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
  5. small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

5 True/False questions

  1. centriolesmall membrane-bound sac that functions in moving products into, out of, and within a cell

          

  2. coccusany spherical or nearly spherical bacteria

          

  3. peroxisomeenzyme-filled vesicle in which fatty acids and amino acids are metabolized to hydrogen peroxide that is broken down to harmless products

          

  4. nucleolusThe organelle where ribosomes are made, synthesized and partially assembled, located in the nucleus

          

  5. sex pilithe smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells are covered by a membrane and contain DNA and cytoplasm