61 terms

Poetry Terms

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Allegory
a symbol intended to represent one specific idea
Alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the start of words
Allusion
a reference to a person, place, event, or piece of literature
Anachronism
an object out of place or not belonging in a time period
Anaphora
intended repetition of beginning clauses
Antithesis
figure of speech using contrasting words, clauses, sentences, ideas
Apostrophe
rhetorically addressing an absent person or thing
Archetype
original pattern of things, usually a character or person
Assonance
repetition of vowels in words
Audience
Whom an author is talking to or performing for
Ballad
a poem often sung, usually tells a story
Cacophony
a harsh or disconcerting sound
Caesura
a break in the flow of sound usually in the middle of a line of verse
Comic relief
serves as a stress reliever in a plot of literary writing
Conflict
a clash between hostile or opposing ideas, elements, or forces
Connotation
meaning in addition or apart from a thing explicitly named or described by the word
Consonance
repetition of consonants, especially as an alternative to rhyme in verse
Denotation
dictionary or most basic meaning of a word
Diction
word choice; includes denotation & connotation
Elegy
song or poem expressing grief
End rhyme
rhythmic endings of a poem
Enjambment
a sentence that spans two lines in a verse of poetry
Epic
long poem narrating the story of a hero
Epiphany
a moment of realization
Euphemism
substitution for words with a negative connotation by using more peaceful or kinder words
Extended metaphor
a metaphor that extends over a long period of text (a conceit)
Figurative language
describing something by comparing it to something else
Genre
a group or category of literature (or music)
Haiku
a short, three-line poem with the pattern of 5-7-5 syllables
Hyperbole
exaggeration
Iambic pentameter
5 sets of stressed and unstressed syllables
Imagery
creating images in the mind through (visual, auditory, gustatory, tactile, olfactory)
Internal rhyme
a rhyme created by two or more words in the same line of a stanza
Limerick
light or funny poem with five lines
Litotes (understatement)
understatement (opposite or contrast to hyperbole)
Metaphor
comparing two unlike things (directly) using forms of the verb 'to be' or another verb
Metonymy
substitution of the name of an object with a word similar to it; using a piece to refer to the whole
Mood
emotion felt by the reader; the atmosphere created by a piece (and its setting)
Motif
a reoccurring idea or theme
Ode
a lyric poem that expresses a noble feeling
Onomatopoeia
the use of words to imitate sounds
Oxymoron
a figure of speech using contradictory terms
Paradox
a self-contradictory and/or false proposition that is really true upon further examination
Parody
a humorous imitation of a serious piece of literature
Personification
giving human qualities to inhuman objects or things
Repetition
a word, sound, or phrase that repeats for emphasis
Rhyme
words or syllables that have similar sounds
Rhyme scheme
pattern of rhyme used in a poem
Rhythm
regular rise and fall in the sound and flow of speech
Sarcasm
a cutting or contentious remark
Satire
biting wit, irony, or sarcasm used to expose vice or folly
Simile
a comparison between two unlike things using 'like' or 'as' or 'than'
Situational irony
when the unexpected happens in an unexpected place
Sonnet
a poem of 14 lines in iambic pentameter with a definite rhyme scheme (Shakespearean and Italian/ Petrarchan)
Speaker
the narrator of the poem (**it is not always the author)
Subtext
the implicit meaning or theme
Symbol
an object representing for something else
Syntax
sentence structure
Theme
the lesson learned about the subject or topic (the message an author is trying to convey about the human experience)
Tone
the author's attitude
Verbal irony
actual intent is opposite of what is said (think sarcasm)