27 terms

Amendments Explained

amendments explained
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1st Amendment
Protects the people's right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble (meet), to address the government and of the press of publish.
2nd Amendment
The right to bear arms (Guns).
3rd Amendment
Guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board.
4th Amendment
Protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without a valid warrant based on probably cause (good reason)
(Search and Seizure)
5th Amendment
Protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicted, that they may not be tried twice for the same crime, and that you need not be forced to testify against yourself. It also contains due process guarantees.
6th Amendment
Guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, and that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer.
7th Amendment
Guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. This type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court.
8th Amendment
Guarantees that punishments will be fair, and not cruel, and that extraordinarily large fines will not be set. (Protection from cruel and unusual punishment.)
9th Amendment
Simply a statement that other rights aside from those listed may exist, and just because they are not listed doesn't mean they can be violated.
10th Amendment
Says that any power not granted to the federal government belongs to to states.
11th Amendment
Says how someone from one state can sue another state.
12th Amendment
Redefines how the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College.
13th Amendment
Abolished slavery in the entire United States.
14th Amendment
People had rights on the federal level and on the state level, too.
15th Amendment
Ensured that a person's race could not be used as criteria for voting.
16th Amendment
Authorizes the United States to collect income taxes.
17th Amendment
Shifted the choosing of Senators from the state legislatures to the people in the states.
18th Amendment
Abolished the sale or manufacture of alcohol in the United States.
19th Amendment
Ensures that sex could not be used as a criteria for voting.
20th Amendment
Set new start dates for the terms of the Congress and the President.
21st Amendment
Repealed the 18th Amendment. (Alcohol)
22nd Amendment
Set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected - 2 four year terms.
23rd Amendment
Grants the Washington D.C. the right to three electors in Presidential Elections.
24th Amendment
Ensured that no tax could be charged to vote for any federal office.
25th Amendment
Establishes rules for the President who becomes unable to perform his duties while in office.
26th Amendment
Ensures that any person 18 or over may vote.
27th Amendment
Any law that increased the pay of legislators may not take effect until after an election.