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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
The Protestant Reformation
Terms in this set (20)
The second wife of King Henry VIII of England. She was the mother of Queen Elizabeth I.Eventually she was convicted of adultery and beheaded.
The queen who reverted back to Catholicism in England for five years. During her reign, she executed many Protestants gaining the name "Bloody Mary."
A Tudor Queen of England. Succeeded Mary I in 1558 and ruled until 1603. In addition to leading the defeat of the Spanish Armada and developing England into a world power, she strengthened Protestantism.
Catherine of Aragon
Henry VIII's first wife who gave birth to Mary but had no male children. Henry VIII divorced her and married Anne Boleyn.
(1491-1547) The King of England from 1509 to 1547. His desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the Pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
French humanist whose theological writings profoundly influenced the religious thoughts of Europeans. Developed Calvinism at Geneva, Switzerland.
A German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Church. In 1517, he wrote 95 theses, or statements of belief attacking church practices and nailed them to th door of his local parish.
To get an annulment with his wife
Why did Henry VIII make his own church?
Scotland, Netherlands, Denmark, Norway, Sweden
List five Protestant nations after the Reformation
Selling of forgiveness by the Catholic Church. It was common practice when the church needed to raise money. The practice helped lead to the Reformation.
An official Church declaration that what appeared to be a Christian marriage never existed in the first place.
Book of Romans
Read by Martin Luther and based his beliefs of the passage that says, "The righteous shall live by faith."
Justification by faith
Martin Luther's concept that faith alone is enough to bring salvation.
The belief that what happens in human life has already been determined by some higher power.
Arguments written by Martin Luther against the Catholic church. They were posted on October 31, 1517.
A member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
English Protestants belonging to the Church of England
Religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola to counter the inroads of the Protestant Reformation. The Jesuits were active in politics, education, and missionary work.
Ignatius of Loyola
(1491-1556) Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits (1534). This order of Roman Catholic priests proved an effective force for reviving Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.
The Council of Trent
This Council issued condemnations on what it defined as Protestant heresies at the time of the Reformation and defined Church teachings in the areas of Scripture and Tradition, Original Sin, Justification, Sacraments, the Eucharist in Holy Mass and the veneration of saints. It issued numerous reform decrees.
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