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52 terms

Plant and Animal Cells Test

WHYYYY DEATH DIE!!
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Cells
Building blocks for living things. Have a nucleus and organelles. The 2 kinds are plant and animal.
Plant cells
Have a cell wall and chloroplasts. Plant cells can make their own food.
Animal cells
Have a cell membrane, not a cell wall. Animal cells can move.
How animal and plant cells are different
Plant cells have a cell wall and can make their own food. Animal cells have a cell membrane and can move.
How animal and plant cells are alike
Both have a nucleus and organelles.
Chloroplasts
Make food from sunlight. Hold chlorophyll that give plants their green color.
Nucleus
Part of cell protoplasm that contains chromosomes, DNA.
Vacuoles
Store food and water in the cell.
Cytoplasm
Part of cell protoplasm excluding the nucleus.
Cell membrane
Outside layer of animal cells that can move.
Cell wall
Outside layer of plant cells that is firm and cannot move.
Cell
A membrane bound structure that is the basic unit of life
Cell Membrane
flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Cell wall
A rigid structure made of cellulose that surrounds the cells of plants
Chloroplast
contains chlorophyll and is the site of photosynthesis
Cytoplasm
The region of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus, fluid, chemical reactions occurr here.
Eukaryote
A cell that contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Lysosomes
An organelle containing digestive enzymes
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of energy production through cellular respiration
Nucleus
The organelle that contains the DNA and controls the processes of the cell
Organelle
One of several bodies with a specialized function that is suspended in the cytoplasm of the cell (mitochondria, nucleus, ribosomes, lysosomes, cytoplasm, cell membrane, chloroplast, vacuole, endoplasmic reticulum, DNA)
Vacuole
A fluid filled organelle that stores enzymes or water "food storage"
Animal Cell
does not have a chloroplast or cell wall. Round in shape
Plant Cell
square shaped and contains cell wall and chloroplast and contains one large vacuole.
chromosomes
DNA, located inside the nucleus
Makes you who you are
endoplasmic reticulum
transports nutrients to the nucleus
golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
Vacuole
Plant cells have large vacuole and animal cells have small but they are both floating in the cytoplasm. They are round water filled sac that is the storage aera of a cell. They store food, waste , and water.
Centrioles/centrosomes
Centrosomes produce spindle fibers during cell division to divide up the DNA equally into the two new cells.
Ribosomes
Ribosomes are grainlike bodies that float in the cytoplasm. they are "factories" to produce protiens. They release some proteins through the wall of the endoplamic reticulum and then transpoted to the Golgi bodies.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
The Endoplasmic Reticulum is passageways that carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.
Cell Membrane
Since a animal cell does not have a wall, the Cell Membrane forms a barrier between the cytoplasm and the enviroment. There is tiny pores that allow harmful waste to leave the cell and food and oxygen to enter.
Cytoplasm
The Cytoplasm is the area a between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It contains a gel-like fluid and many different organelles are found in it.
Nuclear Membrane
The Nuclear Membrane protects the nucleus. Itt has pores that allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus.
Nucleus
The Nucleus is found inside the cytoplasm. It directs all of the cell's activities, including reproduction.
"BRAIN"
Mitochondria
Mitochondria are the rod shaped structures. These are power houses" of the cell because they produce most of the energy for the cell to carry out its functions.
Golgi Body
Golgi Body are flat collections of sacs and tubes. The "mailroom" recieve proteins and newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulm, package them and distribute them to other cell parts.
Chloroplasts
Chloroplasts are found inside the Cytoplasm. They are large green structures. They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.
Cell Wall
The Cell Wall is a non-living material that surrounds the cells. It is made of tough, flexible flexible material ( cellulose) It helps protect and support the cell. It gives the cell a box- like shape.
Cell Plate
The Cell Plate forms into new cell membranes between the two daughter cells. The new cell walls form around the cell membranes.
Vacuole
Plant cells have large Vacuole and animal cells have small but they are both floating in the cytoplasm. They are round water filled sac that is the storage aera of a cell. They store food, waste , and water.
Centrioles/centrosomes
Centrosomes produce spindle fibers during cell division to divide up the DNA equally into the two new cells.
Ribosomes
Ribosomes are grainlike bodies that float in the cytoplasm. they are "factories" to produce protiens. They release some proteins through the wall of the endoplamic reticulum and then transpoted to the Golgi bodies.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
The Endoplasmic Reticulum is passageways that carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.
Cell Membrane
SInce a animal cell does not have a wall, the Cell Membrane forms a barrier between the cytoplasm and the enviroment. There is tiny pores that allow harmful waste to leave the cell and food and oxygen to enter.
Cytoplasm
The Cytoplasm is the area a between the cell membrane and the nucleus. It contains a gel-like fluid and many different organelles are found in it.
Nuclear Membrane
The Nuclear Membrane protects the nucleus. Itt has pores that allow materials to pass in and out of the nucleus.
Nucleus
The Nucleus is found inside the cytoplasm. It directs all of the cell's activities, including reproduction.
"BRAIN"
Mitochondria
Mitochondria are the rod shaped structures. These are power houses" of the cell because they produce most of the energy for the cell to carry out its functions.
Golgi Body
Golgi Body are flat collections of sacs and tubes. The "mailroom" recieve proteins and newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulm, package them and distribute them to other cell parts.
Chloroplasts
Chloroplasts are found inside the Cytoplasm. They are large green structures. They capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food for the cell.
Cell Wall
The Cell Wall is a non-living material that surrounds the cells. It is made of tough, flexible flexible material ( cellulose) It helps protect and support the cell. It gives the cell a box- like shape.

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