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27 terms

Grammar Terms

Ms. Pearson
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subject
tells whom or what the sentence is about
adjective
a word that modifies a noun or pronoun
noun
names a person, place, thing, or idea
adverb
modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
action verb
Expresses physical or mental activity.
linking verb
connects the subject of a sentence with a noun or adjective in the predicate
main verb
the main action or state of being in a sentence
helping verb
accompanies an action verb or linking verb and it forms a phrase showing the verb's tense
indirect object
says to whom or what the action is being done
exclamatory sentence
a sentence expressing strong feeling, usually punctuated with an exclamation mark
declarative sentence
makes a statement and ends with a period
imperative sentence
A command or request; often has the understood subject "you".
interrogative sentence
asks a question and ends with a question mark
pronoun
a function word that is used in place of a noun or noun phrase
conjunction
joins words, phrases, and clauses
interjection
A word that expresses emotion
predicate
tells what the subject is or does
verb phrase
consists of one or more helping verbs followed by a main verb
proper noun
names a particular person, place, thing, or idea and begins with a capital letter
common noun
general name for a person, place, thing, or idea
concrete noun
names of an object that can be perceived by one or more of the senses
abstract noun
names ideas, qualities, or feelings that cannot be seen or touched
antecedent
the noun that the pronoun replaces
predicate nominative
a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject
predicate adjective
follows a linking verb and describes the subject
direct object
the noun or object pronoun that receives the action of the action verb
preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word