POLS EXAM 2 BARBOUR
Terms in this set (57)
The example provided in the textbook concerning the response to the September 11 attacks demonstrates that ______.
it may be hard to protect both liberty and security
The source of authority cited by the Supreme Court for applying the Bill of Rights to the states is ______.
the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
The founders argued that freedom of religion is valuable for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
Religion is largely myth and therefore is not important enough to be of concern for government.
According to the Supreme Court, for school prayer to violate the establishment clause, it must be ______.
part of official school activities
The Supreme Court has ______.
generally protected freedom of expression on the Internet
Which of the following statements does NOT reflect the Supreme Court's view of freedom of expression?
Associations such as the NAACP can be required to make their membership lists public.
Which of the following statements does NOT describe the Supreme Court's views regarding due process of the law?
The death penalty is racially biased.
The Supreme Court has ruled that the exclusionary rule should ______.
apply only when the police conduct an illegal search deliberately; however, the burden is on the police to show they acted in good faith
All of the following statements concerning the right to privacy are true EXCEPT this one:
The founders debated whether to include a right to privacy in the Constitution and rejected it.
The authors of the text conclude that the question of whether and how the states should regulate abortion ______.
is likely to remain a divisive issue in American politics for some time
Which of the following is not an example of a conflict of rights among individuals?
The right to free speech versus the ability to carry a weapon
All of the following statements concerning incorporation of the Bill of Rights are true EXCEPT this one:
The Supreme Court began the process of incorporation of the Bill of Rights in the late 1960s.
Separationists differ from accommodationists in that ______.
separationists favor a stricter separation of church and state than accommodationists
The Supreme Court demonstrated the difficulty of balancing the free exercise of religion clause of the First Amendment with the need for social order in ______.
West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette
An interesting result of the obscenity debate has been ______.
the alliance of conservatives and radical feminists in opposition to obscenity
The current status of the right to counsel in criminal trials is that ______.
n many places, the right to counsel is complied with on a minimal basis
Which of the following statements best describes the constitutional right to privacy?
A right to privacy is not clearly spelled out in the Constitution, but many people argue the right is implied.
According to the textbook, conflicts of rights often come down to conflicts ______.
The right of an accused to be brought before a judge and informed of the charges and evidence against him or her is known as ______.
The establishment clause guarantees ______.
that government will not create and support an official state church
The Supreme Court has ruled that public figures can win libel suits against the mass media only when the ______.
claims made by the media are known by them to be false or are made with reckless disregard for the truth of the claims
The idea that language shapes behavior and, therefore, should be regulated to control its social effects is known as ______.
The Supreme Court most recently ruled that the Second Amendment individual right to bear arms ______.
applies to the states as well as to the national government
The Supreme Court has ruled that the right to refuse medical life support ______.
is a matter for individuals to decide for themselves
In reading about the issues discussed in the textbook concerning the right to privacy, one would conclude that most of the controversies over this right involve ______.
life and death
Miranda v. Arizona held that ______.
police have to advise people of their constitutional rights prior to questioning
Which of the following statements concerning the protection of free expression in the United States is NOT true?
The Supreme Court has consistently favored expansion of the freedom of expression.
The Supreme Court began the process of applying the Bill of Rights to the states ______.
in a piecemeal fashion starting in 1897
The significance of suspect classification is that it _______.
is crucial in a group's struggle for civil rights
The legal methods used to deny African Americans the right to vote, such as literacy tests and poll taxes, were overcome by _______.
passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Twenty-Fourth Amendment to the Constitution
The major, nationwide impact of the Brown v. Board of Education decision was that it _______.
served as a catalyst for the civil rights movement
If a law treats blacks differently from the rest of the population, that law would be subject to what standard of review by the courts?
The candidacy and election of Barack Obama had all of the following effects EXCEPT this:
It clearly improved the candidacies of blacks in future elections.
Congressional policy toward Native Americans has historically varied between _______
assimilating Native Americans into a European-based culture and encouraging independence and self-government
Which of the following is NOT an important fact concerning Hispanic Americans?
They are considered to be an insignificant voting bloc in elections.
In 2003, the Supreme Court of ______ declared that marriage was a civil right and that banning same-sex marriage violated the state's equal protection and due process clauses.
Regarding the role of women in contemporary politics, which statement is false?
Female candidates spend less money than do male candidates.
The Lilly Ledbetter Act ______.
extended the time period available to a woman claiming gender discrimination in the workplace
In Brown v. Board of Education, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that _______.
segregated schools were inherently unequal because the very fact of segregation made blacks feel unequal
The argument for affirmative action is that _______.
there is no other decisive evidence for proving that discrimination has ended
The rights given African Americans in the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments did not really help African Americans following the Civil War because _______.
Congress, the president, and southern state governments made little effort to enforce them
During World War II, Japanese Americans ______.
were placed in internment camps for national security purposes
An effect of casino gambling on reservations mentioned in the text is that _______.
Native Americans have achieved new financial prosperity by parlaying their status as semisovereign nations into a foundation for economic security
The current status of gays in the military is that they ______.
cannot completely ignore the "don't ask, don't tell" policy even though it was repealed in 2010 because it technically remains in place until the president certifies that the policy change won't harm military readiness
The women's movement was most successful with a strategy of ______ in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
changing laws state by state
The 2008 presidential election was important because it _______.
demonstrated that women and African Americans can be serious contenders for the presidency
The civil rights movement of the 1950s-1960s was most successful in eliminating ______ but was far less successful in eliminating ______.
de jure discrimination, de facto discrimination
The Supreme Court ordered schools to desegregate in Brown v. Board of Education because the principle of separate but equal
is by definition impossible in education.
In the first half of the twentieth century, the status of blacks was that _______.
no branch of government was willing to enforce the laws giving rights to blacks
Native Americans face a particularly difficult task in winning battles in American politics for all of the following reasons EXCEPT this one:
hey do not have the right to vote.
Women are ______.
the most underrepresented group in Congress and state legislatures
The concepts of strict scrutiny and suspect classification are used by the Supreme Court to answer what question?
When can the law treat people differently?
All of the following are examples of Jim Crow laws except
The significance of the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke case is that it _______.
signaled the approval of affirmative action
All of the following statements concerning Hispanics are true EXCEPT this one:
Issues surrounding their immigration to the United States are likely to fade in the near future.
Which of the following statements regarding public opinion on gay and lesbian rights is NOT true?
More people oppose same-sex adoption than same-sex marriage.