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123 terms

NAT vocab

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Abrupt
exceedingly sudden and unexpected
Abstain
choose no to consume
Access
reach or gain access to
Accountable
liable to account for one's actions
Adhere
be compatible or in accordance with
Adverse
contrary to your interests or welfare
Affect
act physically on
Annual
occurring or payable every year
Apply
ask (for something)
Audible
heard or perceptible by the ear
Bilateral
having two sides or parts
Cardiac Cast
a large research study run by the National Heart and Lung Institute that found that long-term treatment of arrhythmias may have a questionable effect on mortality, and in some cases actually lead to increased cardiac death; basis for the current indication for antiarrhythmics (short term use to treat life threatening ventricular arrhythmias)
Compensatory
making up for; repaying
Complication
any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease
Comply
to yield to a request or command
Concave
curving inward
Concise
short and to the point
Consistency
a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts
Constrict
squeeze or press together
Contingent
determined by conditions or circumstances not yet established
Contour
any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)
Contract
be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness
Contraindication
(medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
Defecate
have a bowel movement
Deficit
the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required
Depress
press down
Depth
extent downward or backward or inward
Deteriorating
getting worse
Device
an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose
Diagnosis
identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
Diameter
the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference
Dilate
become wider
Dilute
lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
Discrete
separate; unconnected
Distended
abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
Dysfunction
(medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
Elevate
give a promotion to or assign to a higher position, raise from a lower to a higher position
Endogenous
derived or originating internally
Exacerbate
make worse
Excess
immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits
Exogenous
derived or originating externally
Expand
become larger in size or volume or quantity
Exposure
abandoning without shelter or protection (as by leaving as infant out in the open)
External
outward features
Fatal
(of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences
Fatigue
temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work
Flaccid
lacking firmness or stiffness
Flushed
(especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion
Gaping
with the mouth wide open as in wonder or awe
Gastrointestinal
of or relating to the stomach and intestines
Gender
the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
Hematologic
of or relating to blood
Hydration
Maintenance of body fluid balance
Hygiene
a condition promoting sanitary practices
Impaired
diminished in strength, quality, or utility
Impending
about to happen
Incidence
Occurrence
Infection
(medicine) the invasion of the body by pathogenic microorganisms and their multiplication which can lead to tissue damage and disease
Inflamed
Reddened, swollen, warm and often tender
Ingest
serve oneself to, or consume regularly
Initiate
bring into being
Insidious
working or spreading in a hidden and usually injurious way
Intact
undamaged in any way
Internal
inside
Invasive
Inserting or entering into a body part
Labile
likely to change
Laceration
a torn ragged wound
Latent
present, but not active; hidden
Lethargic
Sluggish
Manifestation
a clear appearance
Musculoskeletal
relating to muscles and skeleton
Neurologic
of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
Neurovascular
Of or relating to the nervous system and blood vessels
Nutrient
any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
Occluded
closed off
Ominous
unfavorable, threatening, of bad omen
Ongoing
currently happening
Oral
of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth
Overt
open and observable
Parameter
(n.) a determining or characteristic element; a factor that shapes the total outcome; a limit, boundary
Paroxysmal
beginning suddenly or abruptly
Patent
evident or obvious
Pathogenic
causing disease
Pathology
study of disease
Posterior
toward the back
Potent
having the power to influence or convince
Potential
possible, able to happen; something that can develop or become a reality
Precaution
a measure taken in advance to prevent harm
Precipitous
extremely steep, hasty, quickly, with too little concern
Predispose
to incline to beforehand
Preexisting
Already exists
Primary
First or most significant
Priority
Of great importance
Prognosis
a prediction of the course of a disease
Rationale
The underlying reason
Recur
happen or occur again
Renal
of or relating to the kidneys
Respiration
breathing
Restrict
place limits on (extent or access)
Retain
To hold or keep
Site
Location
Status
a condition or situation
Strict
severe and unremitting in making demands
Sublingual
beneath the tongue
Supplement
something added to make up for something missing
Suppress
control and refrain from showing
Symmetric
having similarity in size, shape, and relative position of corresponding parts
Symptom
(medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
Syndrome
a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
Therapeutic
tending to cure or restore to health
Transdermal
Through the skin
Transmission
Transfer, such as of a disease, from one person to another
Trauma
any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
Triage
Sorting and allocating aid on the basis of need for or likely benefit from medical treatment or food
Untoward
not favorable, troublesome, unruly
Urinate
Excrete or expel urine
Vascular
pertaining to blood vessels
Verbal
expressed in spoken words
Virus
a tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside a living cell
Vital
necessary or essential to life
Void
containing nothing
Volume
the amount of space an object takes up
ostersize
to separate